Roisel is a small town 11 kilometres east of Peronne in the Deaprtment of the Somme. The Communal Cemetery is on the east side of the road to Villers-Faucon and the Cemetery Extension is immediately to the north of the Communal Cemetery.
Roisel town was occupied by British troops in April, 1917, and evacuated after a strong defence by the 66th (East Lancashire) Division in the evening of the 22nd March, 1918. It was retaken in the following September. Roisel Communal Cemetery Extension was begun by German troops, who buried immediately to the North of the Communal Cemetery. It was developed in October and November, 1918, by the 41st, 48th, 53rd and 58th Casualty Clearing Stations, and it was completed after the Armistice by the concentration of British and German graves from the country North, East and South of Roisel.
There are now 877 Commonwealth interments from World War I commemorated at this site. Of these, 120 are unidentified and special memorials are erected to 12 soldiers from the United Kingdom and one from Australia who are known or believed to be buried among them. Other special memorials record the names of two soldiers from the United Kingdom, buried in other cemeteries, whose graves could not be found on concentration. The graves of 88 soldiers of the United States Army buried here in October, 1918, were removed to the Somme American Cemetery in Bony or repatriated to the U.S. There are also 514 German foreign nationals commemorated in this site, 190 being unidentified. The cemetery covers an area of 6010 square metres and is enclosed by a rubble wall on three sides.