City of Edinburgh Scotland
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
This is a record of Civilian casualties of WWII, principally those killed as a result of enemy action, though occasionally, an allied aircraft may have crashed resulting in the death of non-combatant civilians (friendly-fire). Civilian casualties include, apart from innocent residents, those men and women engaged as police officers, firemen, ambulance drivers, ARP Wardens, Home Guard, firewatchers, dispatch riders, messengers, St John Ambulance Brigade members, Women's Voluntary Service members, etc.
It is therefore not a ‘cemetery' as such, and no additions should be made to it by contributors.
However, if the grave of a civilian casualty of WWII should be discovered, the finder is asked to contact either Gary Nelson/International Wargraves via the ‘suggest a correction' feature or email@example.com to notify them, whereupon the record will be transferred to the cemetery/churchyard.
No records were kept of where civilians were interred and it is often the case that an individual shown here, was interred in their home town. The Reporting Authority shown on the individual record relates to the place where the inquest was held; it is the district where death occurred, but it is not necessarily the area where the attack took place, because frequently the injured of enemy action were conveyed to distant specialist hospitals for treatment.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission was asked by Winston Churchill to keep a roll of Commonwealth civilian war dead. This roll is the official point of commemoration of the 67,000 men, women and children and is now held near St George's Chapel in Westminster Abbey , but the Commission's database-the Debt of Honour-can be searched by name and date.
The records do not cover civilian casualties of World War One, but it does cover WWII civilians killed or lost at sea and those citizens of Britain and its Commonwealth killed abroad-Singapore, Hong Kong for example. (text by Geoffrey Gillon)