Indian Mutiny Victoria Cross Recipient. He was born to an aristocratic British-Irish family in what was then Chittagong in Bengal, part of British India (today now part of Bangladesh). He joined the British Army in 1848, and served through a number of colonial conflicts, including the Second Anglo-Sikh War, the 1857 Sepoy Rebellion and the Second Anglo-Afghan War. During the May to November 1857 Siege of Lucknow during the Sepoy Rebellion, he was serving as Major of the 5th Bengal European Cavalry, and was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery on four separate occasions through the siege. His citation for the award reads "First, for gallantry in an affair at Khurkowdah, near Rhotuck, on the 15 August 1857, while serving with Hodson's Horse, in which he saved his brother, who was wounded, and killed two of the Enemy. Secondly, for gallantry on 18 August, when he led a Troop of the Guide Cavalry in a charge, and cut down two of the Enemy's Sowars, with one of whom he had a desperate hand to hand combat. Thirdly, for gallantly on 27 January 1858, at Shumshabad, where, in a charge, he attacked one of the Enemy's leaders and pierced him with his sword, which was carried out of his hand in the melee. He defended, himself with his revolver, and shot two of the Enemy. Fourthly, for gallantry on 23 February, at Meangunge, where he came to the assistance of Brevet-Major O. H. St. George Anson, and killed his opponent, immediately afterwards cutting down another of the Enemy in the same gallant manner". He would rise to the rank of full-rank General before he retired. His younger brother, General Sir Hugh H. Gough, would also be awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery during the Siege of Lucknow. Two of his sons would rise to general rank in the British Army - Sir Hubert Gough and Sir John Edmund Gough. John Edmund would received the Victoria Cross for bravery during the Third Somaliland Campaign, making the Gough family the only one to receive three Victoria Cross awards.