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Find all Birger Jarls in:
 • Varnhems kyrkagard (Varnhem Churchyard)
 • Axvall
 • Vastra Gotalands Lan
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Birger Jarl
Original name:  Birger Magnusson den Äldre
Birth: unknown
Death: Oct. 21, 1266

Statesman and Duke. He was the founder of the royal branch of the powerful Bielbo Dynasty (called the Folkung until recently), supported King Eric the Lisper-and-Halter and married his sister, Princess Ingiburga. He helped the royal party triumph over the revolt by Prince Hollinger in 1247. For that Birger was created Sweden's last Jarl the following year, an epithet that has become a part of his name and later developed in England as the (lower) title of Earl. He henceforth was the mightiest magnate in the land, and the very first Swedish duke, Duke of Sweden. He achieved the support of the Roman church by agreeing to reforms put through at a big religious meeting that same year. Through his crusade to Finland, these eastern areas of the realm were firmly secured and remained a part of Sweden for over 550 years. The childless king died in 1250 and the duke protected his interests, and stayed in power, by having his seven-year-old son, Waldemar, elected to the throne, smashing another revolt by competitors the next year. Early in the 1250's he had begun his activity as a major national legislator, enacting laws of inheritance for women and some personal freedom for both sexes. Sweden as a nation, along with royal power, was strengthened firmly during Birger's rule. He also conducted an active foreign policy, particularly aimed at cooperation between Sweden and Norway, and took steps to bolster international commerce. One measure was to build a new city of a continental type around the castle fortress that had been all there was to Stockholm until then. He also built castles in several other places. Duke Birger was a descendant of the Emperor Charlemagne through his father, Magnus Minishield, and his mother, Ingrid Wolfa, desended from the Sweartgarian dynasty of Swedish kings. The Magnus name prevalent in this family comes from Carolus Magnus, Charlemagne's Latin name. Birger had his six children (two subsequent kings) with Ingiburga. After her death he married Queen Matilda of Denmark, the widow of King Abel. He died at Jälbolung, which probably is the village of Lagmanstorp in Long, near the town of Vara in Westrogothland. Doubts raised before about the site of his grave were dispelled recently by meticulous examination of it at Varnhem. (bio by: J T Demitz) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
   Matilda (1225 - 1288)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Varnhems kyrkagard (Varnhem Churchyard)
Axvall
Vastra Gotalands Lan, Sweden
Plot: Birger Jarls grav (The Grave of Duke Birger)
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: J T Demitz
Record added: Sep 28, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 15919686
Birger Jarl
Added by: J T Demitz
 
Birger Jarl
Added by: J T Demitz
 
Birger Jarl
Added by: J T Demitz
 
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- Tom A. Hawk
 Added: Oct. 21, 2013
I light a candle for Birger Jarl ...
- Candles
 Added: Jan. 21, 2012

- Scotvik
 Added: Oct. 21, 2011
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