Sep. 14, 1741 Durham Durham Unitary Authority County Durham, England
Sep. 2, 1784 Annapolis Anne Arundel County Maryland, USA
Last Royal Governor of Maryland. Eden was born in Durham, England. In 1765, he married Caroline Calvert (who Caroline County is named for), the sister of the last Lord Baltimore, Frederick Calvert. Lord Baltimore commissioned Eden as the Royal Governor of the Maryland Colony in 1768. His first action as governor was to stop the Maryland General Assembly from protesting the Townshend Acts. Eden laid the cornerstone of the Maryland Statehouse on March 28, 1772. Throughout his administration, Eden was engaged as a diplomatist between the colonist and England. Eden sympathized with the colonist, but was opposed to an armed uprising. Maryland was the only state that did not kick out its last proprietary governor. Eden was requested by the Maryland Council of Safety to step down as governor. He left Maryland for England on June 26, 1776. Eden's conduct in Maryland and the judicious manner of his leaving were highly commended and he was created a Baronet of Maryland by King George III. After the war, Eden returned to Maryland to recover some property and died in Annapolis. He was originally buried in the sanctuary of St. Margaret’s in Westminster, England. Eden's remains were relocated to St. Anne's in June of 1926. He is the ancestor of Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (1955-57).
Inscription: Here lyeth buried Y body of Sir Robert Eden Bart, Provincial Governor of Maryland, 1769-1776, who departed his life at Annapolis September 2, 1784 in Y 43rd year of his age. His remains were taken from the sanctuary of the Old Church of St. Margarets Westminster and laid beneath this stone by The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Maryland, June 1926.