The 84th New York Volunteer Infantry (also called "the Red Legged Devils" because of the red pants of their uniforms), under the command of Colonel Edward B. Fowler, had a fine and courageous fighting record. Various called the 1th Brooklyn and the 14th New York Militia, they served in most of the major campaigns including First Bull Run, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The Wilderness, and Spottsylvania. During July 1-3, 1863, at the pivotal battle of Gettysburg, the regiment was to play a vital role in delaying the Confederate advance on the first day. The 14th Brooklyn was part of Cutler's Brigade, which was the first infantry brigade to relieve General John Buford's cavalry and engage the Confederates. This allowed the Army of the Potomac to concentrate at the "fishhook" (the position from Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill, along Cemetery Ridge, and ending at Little Round Top). They also had the honor of carrying the body of Major General John Reynolds back to Seminary Ridge after a Confederate sharpshooter shot him (this is hinted at in the movie "Gettysburg", where you can see some of the re-enactors of the 14th Brooklyn). They fought around the railroad cut and inflicted heavy casualties on the Confederates. The 14th Brooklyn was forced to retreat along with the rest of the I and XI Corp through Gettysburg. On the second and third day of the battle (July 2-3), the men fought on Culp's Hill. The 14th Brooklyn is one of the few regiments to fight all three days at Gettysburg. The regiment sustained 217 casualties (67%) over these three bloody days. The monument (the 2nd of 3 for the 14th at Gettysburg) is located on McPherson's Ridge near the Railroad Cut. This was the position of the fierce fighting that resulted in the capture of Davis' Mississippi Brigade by the 14th Brooklyn on July 1, 1863. The monument was dedicated on October 19, 1887. The monument was erected using the citizens' of Brooklyn's donated funds. The seal of Brooklyn is prominently placed on the monument. The statue of the soldier alone is 8 feet high.