Polish Communist Leader. He helped establish the Polish Workers' Party and was secretary of its Central Committee from 1943 to 1949. After World War II, he served from 1945 to 1949 as Deputy Premier of Poland. A Polish nationalist, Gomulka was purged in 1949 for his alleged sympathy with the Yugoslav Communist leader Josip Broz Tito, and was arrested in 1951. If it had not been for the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in 1953, he would have been executed. He was freed in 1954 and was readmitted into the United Workers'(Communist) Party in 1956. In October of that year, after the death of Polish leader Boleslaw Bierut and growing Polish resentment of Soviet domination, Gomulka became First Secretary of the party. In this position he dominated the Polish government, continuing close ties with the Soviet Union but establishing greater freedom of action for Poland and bringing some social and economic liberalization. He was forced to resign in December of 1970 following widespread rioting by Polish workers in protest against food price increases announced by the government. In 1971 he was suspended from the party's Central Committee and removed from the Council of State.