Industrialist. One of the founders of Durban, South Africa. Signed the letter requesting that Gardiner found a mission at the Bay on March 14, 1835. He attended the meeting held at Port Natal on June 23, 1835, to plan the town of Durban and build a church; and he signed the petition of the same date to Sir B. D'Urban, asking that Natal be made a British colony. His wife and children, including his young son William, arrived at the Bay in Circe in September or October 1835; they lived with him there in December 1835. As one member of the town committee of Durban, he granted Champion's request for land on the Umlazi River, on March 12, 1836, and on April 14 he began helping Champion with the construction of Umlazi Mission. He served on the commando raid led by Cane against the Swazis at Dingane's order, June to August 1836. With one of their interpreters, he brought the American missionaries' wagons, goods and supplies to GinanI from Umlazi, by September 24, 1836. He was in Natal during October and November 1836. In May 1837 he was made a superintendent for the building of a fort at Port Natal. He served in both forces collected by the settlers to fight the Zulus after the Retief Massacre in March and April 1838. While on the second commando raid he was killed at the Battle of the Tugela.