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 • Chief Squanto Memorial Marker
 • Chatham
 • Barnstable County
 • Massachusetts
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Squanto
Birth: 1590
Death: Nov., 1622

Folk Figure. Born to the Patuxet people of the Wampanoag Confederation, he was called Tisquantum. Little is know about him until 1605 when George Weymouth sailed to what is present day New England on a survey expedition. The Europeans coaxed or kidnapped five Patuxet aboard their vessel in order to display them in England. Once there Tisquantum lived with Sir Ferdinando Gorges of Plymouth, a New World speculator. In 1614, he returned to America as interpreter for Sir Ferdinando's men as they mapped of the New England coast. Once returned home, Tisquantum apparently continued to act as interpreter for visiting European explorers including Captain Thomas Hunt who brought 27 Nausets and Patuxets aboard ship under false pretenses. The ship sailed for Spain where Hunt attempted to sell his captives as slaves. Although some were sold, the remainder, including Tisquantum, were rescued by the friars of Malaga who gave them sanctuary and exposed them to Christianity. The Patuxet became extremely hostile as a result, but were then decimated by what was likely a smallpox epidemic, leaving only those kidnapped to Europe to survive. Tisquantum made his way to England where he was hired by John Slaney, treasurer of the Newfoundland Company. Tisquantum was sent to Newfoundland, where he worked for Captain John Mason, governor of the Newfoundland Colony. He was then employed by Captain Thomas Dermer, an agent of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, who wanted Tisquantum to act as liaison and interpreter for reestablishing trade with his people. In 1619 Tisquantum returned home only to find it gone and his people dead. He would find refuge within other tribes of the Wampanoag Confederation. Less than a year later, the Mayflower made landfall at present day Plymouth and established their settlement. They met the man they called Squanto on March 22, 1621. He negotiated a treaty between the Wampanoag and the Europeans which stated neither would harm the other. Tisquantum became a necessity for the Plymouth Colony; he translated and negotiated between Plymouth's governors and tribal leaders, taught the Europeans how to utilize native resources, where to catch fish and eels, and acted as their guide. Unfortunately, by 1621 he was using his position with the settlers for his own gain; demanding tributes and sowing disinformation. When his deceit was discovered, the Wampanoag chieftains demanded his execution, but settlers stalled about handing him over. By November of 1622 Tisquantum fell ill with a fever; and within a few days he died. He bequeathed his possessions as gifts to his English friends in Plymouth, and the peace he negotiated would last for anther half century. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Burial:
Chief Squanto Memorial Marker *
Chatham
Barnstable County
Massachusetts, USA
*Memorial Site [?]
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Oct 23, 2002
Find A Grave Memorial# 6873048
Squanto
Added by: Mongoose
 
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