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James Lawrence Orr
Birth: May 12, 1822
Craytonville
Anderson County
South Carolina, USA
Death: May 5, 1873
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russian Federation

US Congressman, Civil War CSA Congressman, 41st South Carolina Governor, US Diplomat. A lawyer and newspaperman, he was elected as a Democrat to represent South Carolina’s 2nd, then 6th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1849 to 1859. From 1857 to 1859 he served as Speaker of the House. In December 1860 he was a delegate to the South Carolina Secession Convention, and signed the state’s Ordnance of Secession. When the Civil War started, he helped raise a regiment of South Carolina infantry that became known as Orr’s Rifles. He was elected Colonel of the unit, and commanded it until his resignation in 1862. He then served briefly as a South Carolina delegate to the Confederate House of Representatives before being elected to the Confederate States Senate in 1862. He served in that seat through the end of the war and the defeat of the Confederacy. In 1865 he was elected as provisional Governor of South Carolina, serving until 1868. During his tenure the state was under Union military rule, and much of the administration of the state came under the auspices of the military commander, Major General Edward R.S. Canby. After his gubernatorial term ended, he was elected by the state legislature as a district judge. In 1872 he was appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant as United States Minister to the Empire of Russia, serving until he died in office in 1873. (bio by: Russ Dodge) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Christopher Orr (1794 - 1864)
  Martha McCann Orr (1798 - 1862)
 
 Spouse:
  Mary Jane Marshall Orr (1826 - 1898)*
 
 Children:
  Eliza Foster Orr (1844 - 1851)*
  Martha Orr Patterson (1846 - 1905)*
  James Lawrence Orr (1852 - 1905)*
  Samuel Marshall Orr (1855 - 1909)*
  Mary Marshall Orr Earle (1858 - 1912)*
  Amelia Orr (1860 - 1872)*
  Christopher Hugh Orr (1862 - 1893)*
 
 Siblings:
  Jane Stewart Orr Calhoun (1820 - 1906)*
  Martha Elvira Orr Miller (1820 - 1864)*
  James Lawrence Orr (1822 - 1873)
  Harvey Christopher Orr (1826 - 1891)*
  Jehu Amaziah Orr (1828 - 1921)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
First Presbyterian Church Cemetery
Anderson
Anderson County
South Carolina, USA
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Tim Crutchfield
Record added: Dec 14, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 8181824
James Lawrence Orr
Added by: Nils M. Solsvik Jr.
 
James Lawrence Orr
Added by: Stonewall
 
James Lawrence Orr
Added by: Stonewall
 
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- Tony Smith SCV Camp 38, North Charleston S.C.
 Added: Sep. 12, 2014
Thank you for your service
- Julious
 Added: Dec. 24, 2012

- Lone Wolf
 Added: Aug. 26, 2012
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