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Bathilde d'Orléans
Birth: Jul. 9, 1750
Saint-Cloud
Departement des Hauts-de-Seine
Île-de-France, France
Death: Jan. 10, 1822
Paris
City of Paris
Île-de-France, France

French Royalty. Louise Marie Thérèse Bathilde d'Orléans, daughter of Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, and his wife Louise Henriette de Bourbon, was born at the Château de Saint-Cloud. She was descended from both King Louis XIV of France and his brother Philippe. She was the sister of Philippe Égalité, who was guillotined during the Reign of Terror, despite his loyalty to the Revolution. Bathilde was also the aunt of Louis Philippe, King of the French. The princess was sent to a convent at the age of eight, after the death of her mother. In 1770, at the age of twenty, she left the convent and married her younger cousin Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon. The marriage to her fourteen year old husband was not successful. It produced only one child, a son, in 1772. Bathilde separated from her adulterous husband after 1778. She resided at the Château de Chantilly. She also purchased the Hôtel de Clermont and the Château de Petit-bourg. In 1787, she purchased the Élysée Palace from King Louis XVI. The salon which she held was renowned throughout Europe. At the onset of the French Revolution, Bathilde sided against her royalist husband and son who left France. She took the name "Citoyenne Vérité." Despite her loyalty to the revolutionary ideals and having given her wealth to the new government, Bathilde was imprisoned. Her brother was guillotined. After a year and a half, she was released and returned to the palace. However, she was impoverished and had to rent out most of it. In 1797, the princess was exiled from France with the rest of the Bourbons. She settled near Barcelona, Spain. In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte, the man that she had admired, arranged the abduction and murder of her only son, Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien. Her son, the "Martyr of Vincennes," became Napoleon's most famous victim. When she returned to France in 1814, people cheered her along her route to Paris. In 1815, King Louis XVIII traded the Hôtel Matignon for her Élysée Palace. Bathilde arranged to have nuns reside there. They were charged with praying for the victims of the Revolution. She became the last Princess of Condé upon the death of her father-in-law in 1818. After her death in 1822, she was interred in what would become the Chapelle Royale de Dreux. (bio by: Anne Philbrick) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
   Louis Philippe I d'Orléans (1725 - 1785)
  Louise Henriette de Bourbon (1726 - 1759)
 
 Spouse:
  Louis Henri de Bourbon (1756 - 1830)*
 
 Children:
  Louis Antoine de Bourbon (1772 - 1804)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Chapelle Royale de Dreux
Dreux
Departement d'Eure-et-Loir
Centre, France
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Anne Philbrick
Record added: Feb 20, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 85230319
Bathilde d'Orléans
Added by: Anne Philbrick
 
Bathilde d'Orléans
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Marianne
 
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