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Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
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Birth: Dec. 15, Italy
Death: Jun. 9, Italy

Nero (Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus);[1] 15 December 37 – 9 June 68)[2] was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death. During his reign, Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade, and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire. He ordered theaters built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain and also annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire, beginning the First Roman–Jewish War.

In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing assassination, he committed suicide on 9 June 68.[3] His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance.[4] He is known for many executions, including those of his mother[5] and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother, Britannicus.

He is infamously known as the Emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned", although this is now considered an inaccurate rumor,[6] and as an early persecutor of Christians. He was known for having captured Christians burned in his garden at night for a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius, and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign. Few surviving sources paint Nero in a favorable light.[7] Some sources, though, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East.[8] The study of Nero is problematic as some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero's tyrannical acts.[9]


Reign

13 October 54 – 9 June 68



Full name

Birth to adoption: Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
Adoption to accession: Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus
As Emperor: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus



Born

15 December 37



Birthplace

Antium, Italy



Died

9 June 68 (aged 30)



Place of death

outside Rome



Buried

Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi, Pincian Hill, Rome



Predecessor

Claudius



Successor

Galba



Consort to

Claudia Octavia
Poppaea Sabina
Statilia Messalina



Offspring

Claudia Augusta



Father

Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus



Mother

Agrippina the Younger
 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Poppaea Sabina
 
Burial:
Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi
Rome
Provincia di Roma
Lazio, Italy
 
Created by: Linda Dukes
Record added: May 03, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 89509806
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Added by: Linda Dukes
 
 
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- Mellissa Lake Co. Illinois
 Added: Feb. 28, 2014
Paranoia got to you.
- Becky
 Added: Aug. 27, 2013
 
 
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