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Henrique of Portugal, I
Birth: Jan. 31, 1512
Lisboa, Portugal
Death: Jan. 29, 1580
Santarém, Portugal

King of Portugal 1578-1580. He was the younger brother of king João III and, as a younger son of king Manõel I he was not expected to succeed to the throne.. Early in his life, Henrique took Holy Orders to promote Portuguese interests within the Catholic Church, then dominated by Spain. He rose fast through the Church hierarchy, becoming in quick succession Archbishop of Braga, Archbishop of Evora and Grand Inquisitor before receiving the Cardinal's hat. Henrique, more than anyone, endeavoured to bring the Jesuit Order to Portugal and employed them in the Colonial empire. He servved as regent for his nephew, king Sebastião I after 1557, and then succeeded him as king after the disasterous Battle of Alcácer-Quibir, Morocco, in 1578. Henrique renounced his clerical officies and sought to take a bride for the continiation of the Aviz-dynasty, but pope Gregory XIII, affiliated with the Habsburgs did not release him from his vows. The Cardinal-king died without having appointed a Council of Regency to choose a successor. The closest dynistic claimant was king Felipe II of Spain who, in November 1580, sent the Duke of Alba to claim Portugal by force. Lisbon soon fell, and Felipe II was elected king of Portugal on condition that the kingdom and it's overseas territories would not become Spanish provinces. (bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) 
Monastery of Jeronimos
Lisboa, Portugal
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Benny Chordt Hansen
Record added: Nov 04, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 9748866
Henrique of Portugal, I
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
Henrique of Portugal, I
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
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Requiem æternam dona eis, Domine; In memoria æterna erit justus, ab auditione mala non timebit!
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