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Guglielmo Marconi
Birth: Apr. 25, 1874
Bologna
Provincia di Bologna
Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Death: Jul. 20, 1937
Rome
Provincia di Roma
Lazio, Italy

Italian Inventor, Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner. He is remembered for his pioneering work on long distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system. He is often credited as the inventor of radio, and he shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun. Born Guglielmo Giovanni Maria Marconi, his father was an Italian aristocrat and his mother was of Irish/Scottish descent. He was educated privately in Bologna in the lab of physicist Augusto Righi, in Florence at the Istituto Cavallero and in England, spending two years at Bedford School, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England. During his early years, he had a keen interest in science and electricity and at the age of 20, he began his first experiments, building much of his own equipment in the attic of his home at the Villa Griffone in Pontecchio, Italy. In the summer of 1894, he built a storm alarm made up of a battery, a coherer, and an electric bell, which went off if there was lightning. Soon after he was able to make a bell ring on the other side of the room by pushing a telegraphic button on a bench. The following year, he moved his experimentation outdoors and soon he was able to transmit signals over a hill, a distance of approximately one and a half miles. Believing his device would have commercial and military value, he e to the Italian Ministry of Post and Telegraphs to requesting additional funding, but was turned down. In 1896, at the advice of a family friend, took his apparatus to England where he was introduced to William Preece, Engineer-in-Chief of the Post Office, and later that year was granted the world's first patent for a system of wireless telegraphy. He demonstrated his system successfully in London, on Salisbury Plain and across the Bristol Channel, and in July 1897 formed The Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company Limited (renamed Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company Limited in 1900). In the same year he gave a demonstration to the Italian Government at Spezia where wireless signals were sent over a distance of twelve miles. In 1899 he established wireless communication between France and England across the English Channel. He erected permanent wireless stations in England, at The Needles, Isle of Wight, at Bournemouth, and later at the Haven Hotel, Poole, Dorset. In 1902, during a voyage in the American liner SS Philadelphia, he first demonstrated "daylight effect" relative to wireless communication and in the same year patented his magnetic detector which then became the standard wireless receiver for many years. In December of that year, he transmitted the first complete messages to Poldhu, Cornwall, England from stations at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, and later Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with these early tests culminating in 1907 in the opening of the first transatlantic commercial service between Glace Bay and Clifden, Ireland, after the first shorter-distance public service of wireless telegraphy had been established between Bari in Italy and Avidari in Montenegro. In 1909 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with German physicist Karl Ferdinand Braun for his contributions to radio communications. In 1914 he was made a senator in the Italian Senate and was appointed Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in England. The same year, he was commissioned in the Italian Army as a lieutenant, later promoted to the rank of captain, and in 1916 transferred to the Italian Navy in the rank of commander. He was a member of the Italian Government mission to the US in 1917 and in 1919 was appointed Italian plenipotentiary delegate to the Paris Peace Conference. In 1919 he was awarded the Italian Military Medal in recognition of his war service. In 1923 he joined the Italian Fascist party and in 1929 he was given the title of marquess by Italian King Victor Emmanuel III. In 1930, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini appointed him President of the Royal Academy of Italy, which made Marconi a member of the Fascist Grand Council. He died at the age of 63, following a series of heart attacks. In 1977 he was inducted into the National Broadcasters Hall of Fame and In 1988, the Radio Hall of Fame (Museum of Broadcast Communications, Chicago) inducted him as a Pioneer. The National Association of Broadcasters (US) bestows the annual Marconi Radio Awards also for outstanding radio programs and stations. A statue of him stands in Church Square Park in Hoboken, New Jersey and a bronze memorial sculpture devoted to him was erected in Washington DC in 1940. A granite obelisk stands on the clifftop at Poldhu, Cornwall near the site of his radio station, commemorating the first transatlantic transmission. There are numerous places and organizations named after him throughout the world. (bio by: William Bjornstad) 
 
Burial:
Villa Falcone
Sasso Marconi
Provincia di Bologna
Emilia-Romagna, Italy
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jun 18, 2000
Find A Grave Memorial# 9982
Guglielmo Marconi
Added by: MC
 
Guglielmo Marconi
Added by: Hans-Georg Stump
 
Guglielmo Marconi
Added by: Paolo Graziani
 
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