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Joćo Of Portugal, IV
Birth: Mar., 1603
Death: Nov. 6, 1656

King of Portugal 1640-1656. He was born at Vila Vicosa and succeeded his father, Teodosio II, Duke of Braganza, in 1630. Dom Joćo married Luisa de Guzmćo, eldest daughter of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia, in 1633. By the unanimous voice of the people he was raised to the throne of Portugal (of which he was held to be the legitimate heir) during the revolution effected on December 1, 1640, against the Spanish king, Felipe IV.His accession led to a protracted war with Spain, which only ended with the recognition of Portuguese independence in a subsequent reign (1668). Portugal signed alliances with France and Swéden in 1641, but by neccessity its only contribution in the 30-years-war were in the field against Spain and against Dutch encroachments on the Portuguese colonial empire.In Iberia, a Spanish invasion was defeated at Montijo (1650). Abroad, the Dutch took Malacca (1641) and the Sultan of Oman captured Muscat (1648). However by 1654 most of Brazil was back in Portuguese hands and had effectively ceaced to be a viable Dutch colony. This was countered by the loss of Ceylon, present day Sri Lanka, to the Dutch who took Colombo in 1656.King Joćo IV died in 1656 and was succeeded by his son Afonso VI.Joćo IV was the patron of music and the Arts, and a considerably sophisticated composer of music. During his reign he collected one of the largest libraries in the world, but it was destroyed in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. Among his writings is a defence of Palestrina, and a "Defence of Modern music". Lisbon 1649. (bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Maria-Luisa Guzman Braganza (1613 - 1666)*
 
 Children:
  Teodosio of Braganza (1634 - 1653)*
  Ana of Braganza (1635 - 1635)*
  Joana of Braganza (1636 - 1653)*
  Catherine Of Braganza (1638 - 1705)*
   Afonso VI of Portugal (1643 - 1675)*
  Pedro of Portugal (1648 - 1706)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Sao Vicente de Fora
Lisbon
Lisboa, Portugal
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Benny Chordt Hansen
Record added: Oct 25, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 9705493
Joćo Of Portugal, IV
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
Joćo Of Portugal, IV
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Donna
 
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- R I P
 Added: Nov. 6, 2014

- Mellissa Lake Co. Illinois
 Added: Mar. 23, 2014
Thank you for your legacy. Rest in peace.
- Ken MacLeod
 Added: Aug. 15, 2012
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