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Manõel of Portugal, I
Birth: May 31, 1469
Death: Dec. 13, 1521

King of Portugal 1495-1521. He was born in Alcochete as the son of prince Fernão of Portugal, Duke of Viseu and his wife Beatrice of Aveiro, princess of Portugal.Manõel grew up among the conspiracies among the aristocratic high nobility against king João II. He watched many people being killed and exiled, including his older brother Diego, Duke of Viseu, murdered by the king himself.. Thus, when receiving a royal order in 1493 to present himself to the king, Manõel had every reason to worry. Without reason: João II wanted to name him heir to the throne after the death of his son, prince Afonso, and the failed attempt to legitimize Jorge, his illegitimate son. This lucky event granted Manõel the nickname "the Fortunate".Manõel would prove a worthy successor of João II, supporting the Portuguese exploration of the Atlantic Ocean and the development of Portuguese commerce. During his reign Vasco da Gama discovered the maritime route to India (1498), Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil (1500), Francisco de Almeida became the first Viceroy of India (1505) and Admiral Afonse de Albuquerque secured the maritime routes monopoly in the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf for Portugal. With all these events Portugal turned rich on foreign trade whilst formally establishing it's empire. Manõel I used the wealth to build a number of royal buildings (in the Manõeline style) and to attract scientists and artists to his court. Commercial treaties and diplomatic alliances were forged with China and the Persian Empire. The pope received a monumental embassy from Portugal during his reign, designed to show of the newly acquired wealth to all Europe.During Manõel I's reign, the state internal life tended to absolute power of the king. The Cortes only met 3 times during his reign, always in Lisbon, the king's address. He reformed the courts of justice and the towns agreements with the crown, modernizing the taxes and the concepts of tributes and rights.Manõel I was a very religious man and invested an important amount of the Portuguese income to sponsor missionaries in their way to the new colonies, such as Francisco Alvarez, and the construction of religious buildings, like the Monastery of Jerónimos. Manõel I also endeavoured to promote another crusade against the Turks. He persecuted the Jews of Portugal, driving them from the country or forcibly converting them, notably in the period 1496-98. These actions were meant to please the Catholic kings of Spain and were taken as a clause of his marriage to princess Isabella of Aragon (1470-98), then heiress of the future united crown of Spain. She was the widow of his cousin Afonso of Portugal. Nevertheless, Manõel ended the juridical distinction between Catholics and converted Jews and the ones who decided to be baptized were protected from further abuse. However, a massacre of Jews in Lisbon occurred in 1506. Isabella died in childbirth 1498, putting an end to the Portuguese ambitions to rule in Spain, which had started in João II's reign when Isabella was married to João's son Afonso. Manõel I's and Isabellas young son Miguel was for an period the heir apparent of Castile and Aragon, but his death in 1500 put the final end to the Portuguese hope for power over Spain. Manõel' next wife was the sister of Isabella, Maria of Aragon (1482-1517), but she was not the oldest of the daughters of the Catholic kings. This was Juana la Loca, the mother of Manõel's 3rd and last queen Eleanor of Spain (1498-1558) who later married the French king, Francois I. Among the issue of Manõel and Maria of Aragon were king João III, the Cardinal-king Henriques II and Duarte, Duke of Guimaraes and great-grandfather of king João IV. Their sister Isabella became German empress and queen of Spain as she married the Holy Roman Emperor Karl V aka Carlos I, king of Spain. (bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouses:
  Isabella Princess Of Asturias (1470 - 1498)*
  Eleanor of Austria (1498 - 1558)*
  Maria Of Aragon (1482 - 1517)*
 
 Children:
  Miguel Da Paz, Prince Of Asturias (1498 - 1500)*
  Isabella Of Portugal (1503 - 1539)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Monastery of Jeronimos
Lisbon
Lisboa, Portugal
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Benny Chordt Hansen
Record added: Oct 30, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 9726244
Manõel of Portugal, I
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
Manõel of Portugal, I
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
Manõel of Portugal, I
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
 
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In memory of Manoel of Portugal, I ~ RIP
- Laurel Robson
 Added: Mar. 11, 2014

- la vita eterna
 Added: Dec. 16, 2013
Rest in peace, your Highness.
- Kathyღ
 Added: Dec. 13, 2012
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Current ranking for this person: (4.4 after 22 votes)
 

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