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 • Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris
 • Paris
 • City of Paris
 • Île-de-France
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Léonin
Birth: 1135
Death: 1201

Composer. The first major Western composer known to us by name, he was a leading light of the Notre Dame or Parisian School. He was hailed as a master of organum, the earliest form of polyphonic (multi-voiced) music, in which a second melodic line was added to traditional plainchant. Léonin compiled and contributed to the original version of the "Magnus Liber Organi" ("Great Book of Organum", c. 1175), the most important single collection of Medieval vocal works. It is a huge body of two-part settings of Mass and Vespers sections to celebrate major feasts of the liturgical year. Many also believe he created the first rational systems for rhythmic practice and notation, as the "rhythmic modes" were a defining feature of the Notre Dame School. Virtually nothing is known of Léonin's life. He was probably a Frenchman living in Paris as a priest and teacher at Notre Dame Cathedral during its initial phases of construction (1163 to 1210). His experiments with the second melodic line showed growing complexity and were said to have reflected his desire to compose something commensurate with the vast Gothic architecture and acoustics of the new church. The "Magnus Liber" he assembled contained the active repertory of all the early Notre Dame composers, most unnamed. Its original version apparently preserved over 100 of Léonin's compositions, but the book was later substantially revised by his great successor Pérotin. Now it is difficult to determine which works are by Léonin and his followers, apart from 13 responses for the Canonical Hours and 32 mass responses. The most substantial piece attributed to him is the two-voice "Viderunt omnes". But the testimony of late 13th Century English music theorist Anonymous IV confirms that Léonin's reputation was still held in awe many years after his death. A seven-volume modern edition of the "Magnus Liber" is in print, and selections have been performed and recorded by Early Music ensembles. (bio by: Bobb Edwards) 
 
Burial:
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris
Paris
City of Paris
Île-de-France, France
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Bobb Edwards
Record added: Mar 02, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 86153870
Léonin
Added by: Anonymous
 
Léonin
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Lutetia
 
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Rest in Peace, Leonin. See you in Heaven.
- Mary
 Added: Jul. 18, 2013

- Donald
 Added: Jul. 8, 2012
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