|mike reeves (#47684672)|
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Ancestral interest in the Reeves of Butts County and Joneses of Troup County, Georgia. Progeny also related to the Blackwoods and Fords, most recently of Talladega County, Alabama. |
Talladega County, Alabama, was formed after the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and Treaty of Cusseta in 1832. Compilers of published county cemetery records, Carolyn Lane Luttrell and Joseph W. & Francis S. Upchurch, observed decades ago that stones had already "...disappeared through erosion of time, vandalism, and bulldozers." As lamented of the Marble Springs Presbyterian Church Cemetery site in 1959 by E. Grace Jemison in "Historic Tales of Talladega": "There are now only a few people who have so much as a memory of the once sacred spot".
Antebellum planters and Victorian farmers had burial plots upon their own land. Pioneer church consecrated ground lay fallow after congregations moved. Alabama law, Act 2007-4008, allows access to grave sites by relatives and researchers who provide reasonable notice to property owners. Land owners normally accommodate polite requests to photograph gravestones without an impolite citation of law. Code of Alabama Section 13A-11-12 states any person who defaces or removes a gravestone has committed a misdemeanor, which has a one year statute of limitation. Disturbance of buried remains without a permit is a felony. The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA) addresses Indian remains and "cultural items" within federal land or in institutions receiving federal funds.
Early marble headstones may bear a chiseled quarry name, such as Herd Brothers and/or Richard Miller, the first marble quarriers in the county. In 1845 Dr. Edward Gantt purchased the Sylacauga quarry subsequently named after him from John Herd. A 4' by 2' block of Gantt Quarry marble, marked "J. M. N. B. Nix & Co., Wetumpka, Ala.", was installed in the Washington Monument in Washington D.C. in 1851. After the death of the eldest Herd brother, George, in 1853 their business in Winterboro went to his partners, H. P. Oden & Company. An "A. Herd & Bros." bill from 1855 reflects the cost of a 6 1/2' by 3' marble slab to have been $35, with clasped hands sculpted for $5 and letters cut at 5 cents apiece, for a total cost of $56.10 to be paid within a year. Historian Kenneth M. Stampp recounted the average annual wage of a textile worker in the South during 1860 to have only been $145. Reconstruction era marble markers in the county generally lack quarry marks, with the exception of a few inscribed "J. T. Nix & Co., Hopkinsville, Ky."
African American headstones from the Victorian era are seldom seen, a dozen or so at the two oldest public cemeteries, Oakhill and Westview, in the city of Talladega. From 1914 until 1931 marble headstones were provided to members of the Mosaic Templars of America (MTA) of Little Rock, Arkansas. Many of these MTA members, formed in local "Chambers", had endured slavery and witnessed emancipation. Chamber stones are approximately 28" in height and 16" in width, with a rounded and forward sloping top. The letters "M","T","A" and acronym "3V's", spaced within crossed shepherd staffs and encircled, are cut in relief upon the upper face of the stones. The two staffs symbolized the Hebrew's biblical exodus out of bondage led by Moses and Aaron, and "3V's" were for "Veni, Vedi, Veci"; I Came, I Saw, I Conquered.
Those insured from 1890 thru 1930 by the Woodmen of the World (WOW) Life Insurance Society of Omaha, Nebraska, received marble tree stump markers which were normally 4'-5' in height. Although initially free to WOW policy holders, by 1900 a $100 rider was required to cover their expense. The sculpted stones were discontinued in 1930 due to having become cost prohibitive. These monuments are also seen with, or as, stacked cut logs. The WOW logo, ivy, and symbolic axes and wedges were carved onto the stone trees. Scrolls with the name of the deceased are often depicted, suspended on ropes or attached to the trees, and "Dum Tacet Clamet"; Though Silent, He Speaks.
Sandstone from local quarries, such as at S. M. Jemison's farm on Kelly Creek, was used for headstones and obelisks from 1845 thru 1870. This "mustard colored" stone was said to have been attractive when first cut. Sandstone blocks, one inscribed "1862", were used to build the wall enclosing Sunnyside, aka "Jemison", Cemetery. Fieldstone and flagstone markers, some with etched names, are in rural and urban plots. Cast zinc, "white bronze", and iron markers were used in the latter 19th Century. Cast cement slabs, headstones, and curbing have been commonly used since the early 20th Century. Whitewashing of the cement produced ersatz marble.
Cenotaphs are memorials placed in honor of deceased who lie elsewhere, such as the seventy-something Veterans Affairs (VA) stones at Ft. Williams Military Memorial Park. "Arrow Points", monthly publication of the Alabama Anthropological Society, noted the chartering of The Fort Williams Memorial Association "... to do honor to the Tennesseans long buried at old Ft. Williams on the Coosa" in their April-May 1926 edition. That was a dozen years after the construction of Lay Dam downriver of the fort, and its "burial pits arranged in rows." An inscribed marble boulder and VA headstones for over seventy soldiers were placed at the site during 1932-1937. In 1957, however, Rev. Randolph F. Blackford reported in "Fascinating Talladega County" that the actual burials were covered in backwaters of the dam. Nevertheless, the site was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks in 1976. Joseph and Francis Upchurch said the site lacked burials in their county cemetery compilation published in 1989. Then, in 2006, land developers said the cemetery was devoid of any graves and an "eyesore". Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) scans followed by hand and backhoe trenching failed to disclose human remains directly beneath the stones. Monument and stones were relocated and the area improved with private estates on Lay Lake.
Skeletal remains of soldiers do actually lie beneath the "Battle of Talladega" (aka "Jackson Pyramid") monument at Oak Hill Cemetery. Half the remains of a score of Tennessee volunteers slain were recovered by the Andrew Jackson Chapter of the DAR and reinterred there in 1900. The sixty-four "Unknown Confederate Soldier" VA headstones in two parallel rows at Oak Hill also mark the burial places of soldiers, although they weren't unknown at the time of their deaths. Soldiers who died in the local hospital or conscript camp were buried with wooden markers identifying them, but the grave markers deteriorated in time until those beneath were "Known but to God".
An in-the-ground interment, marked or otherwise, is no longer the cultural norm in our society. Data from the National Funeral Directors Association reflects the cremation rate in this country rose from 3.5% to 43% during the past fifty years, with almost 20% of Alabamians in 2012 having elected "ashes to ashes".
Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Of princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme;
But you shall shine more bright in these contents
Than unswept stone, besmear'd with sluttish time.
Wm. Shakespeare (1564-1616)
|Messages left for mike reeves (162)||[Leave Message]|
|Sgt Ed Elstan||Hiram Reeves|
I can not find any record of his burial...Ed
|cfenters||Charles Merkl # 6899939|
Thank you for fulfilling my photo request for Charles in Hepzibah Cemetery. I really appreciate the time and effort you put in to get this photo for me!
Added by cfenters on Nov 02, 2015 11:33 PM
|Annette Bradford||James Brewster Stapp and Mary Ann Henley|
Mike, thank you for filing all the requests on my wish list. I love your profile description of the history of burials. Sent a link,to it to several findagrave friends.
|David L McMurray||RE: Charles F. Welcker stone inscription|
I'll stop back by Charles Welcker's gravesite soon and fill in the missing information. It's not far off a route I take a couple times a month.
|Robert Boehm Rathbun||126942732|
Annis Powell Rathbone-thank you for the update on the location of her grave. Greatly appreciated!
|Eddie Smith||RE: Provdence Koosa annex|
Mike thank you so much for your info. I am in search of my great grandparents who have the unusual names of Thomas and Mary Smith. Thomas passed in 1934 and Mary in 1951. I have both their obits and their death certificates and Usrey handled each death. All paperwork shows internment in "Providence". I went to the Providence Baptist Church on Providence Road off Jackson Trace Road and found neither. Can you help?
|Eddie Smith||Provdence Koosa annex|
Thanks for all your work. I am looking for a couple of relatives buried at Providence but they are not at the church cemetery. You had photographed and recorded a 'Koosa Annex." Can you tell me where it is?
|Marie Comer||Wynn family graves|
I believe from the findagrave site that you took the pictures of my Wynn family graves in Alpine/Winterboro, Al. I am trying to find the grave site and help restore it but have not been successful yet. Please let me know where it is and who's property it is on. Also any other information such as names, phone numbers, addresses of anyone I can contact about finding the site and restoring it!
Thank you so much,
|L Ferree||Remson transfers|
Thank you for the transfers. I am happy to accept them, but I don't really have any connection to them, other than that they are relatives of someone buried at Oakland, the cemetery I am documenting. Just wanted to make sure you intended to send them to me.
Added by L Ferree on Jun 19, 2015 7:40 AM
|Doug McBroom||RE: Tombstone picture|
Mike, are there any other ROWELL family members in the books you referenced? Harvey Thomas ROWELL (1906-1967) and wife Lucille CRITTENDEN (1900-1993), had only the one son Paul Douglas ROWELL (1935-2010). Harvey had one sister Dora LEE ROWELL (b a1903) that we've never located, so I thought she may be in your index. She may have married a Mr Dalton ERWIN, but we've never confirmed the marriage. Appreciate the help.
Doug McBroom (ROWELL Family)
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