Afonso VI of Portugal b. August 21, 1643 d. September 12, 1675 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1656 to 1667. The second king of the House of Braganza, his parents were King João IV and his wife, queen Luisa de Gusmão. He succeeded his father in 1656 at the age of 16. His reign saw military victories over the Spanish at Ameixial (June 8, 1663) and Montes Claros (June 17, 1665), culmination in the final Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence of February 13, 1668. Colonial affairs saw the Dutch conquest of Jaffnapatam, Portugal'...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Braganza, Catherine Of b. November 25, 1638 d. November 30, 1705 British monarch, Queen consort of King Charles II. The daughter of John IV of Portugal and Luisa de Guzman. She married Charles in May of 1662. She was not a popular queen, being Roman Catholic, and her faith prevented her from being crowned. Charles was a womanizer, but Catherine failed to give birth to a living heir, despite several pregnancies. She was neglected by her husband, who continued to have children by his mistresses, and he refused to divorce her. Upon Charles' death in 1685, she...[Read More] (Bio by: Kristen Conrad) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Pantheon of the royal House of Braganza
Carlos I of Portugal b. September 28, 1863 d. February 1, 1908 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1889 to 1908. His parents were King Luiz I and Queen Maria Pia of Savoy, the daughter of king Umberto I of Italy. King Carlos I was an intelligent but extravagant man. Colonial treaties with Britain in 1892 and 1902 stabilized the colonial situation in Africa. Portugal was twice declared bankrupt during his reigh, in 1892 and again in 1902 causing industrial disturbances, socialist and republican antagonism and criticism of the monarchy...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Cerejeira, Cardinal. Manuel Gonçalves b. November 29, 1888 d. August 2, 1977 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of Lousado, Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira entered seminary in Braga, later pursuing his studies at the University of Coimbra. Ordained priest in April 1911, he started collaborating for the journal "A Palavra" and by the following year, founded the "O Imparcial" newspaper in order to oppose anti-clericalism at the named University of Coimbra, of which he formed part of its teaching staff between 1911 and 1928, occupying several chairs. Appointed suffragan of of...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Panteão dos Patriarcas.
da Cunha e Menezes, Cardinal. Carlos b. April 7, 1759 d. December 14, 1825 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of Santa Engrácia in the municipality of Lisbon, Carlos da Cunha e Menezes studied at the University of Coimbra, obtaining a doctorate in canon law in 1784. Ordained priest in June that year, he was successively named canon primicerius of the patriarchal cathedral of Lisbon and vicar capitular of Lisbon. Elected patriarch of Lisbon on August 23, 1819, he received his episcopal consecration on December 19 followed by the title of inquisitor four days later. Pope...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Panteão dos Patriarcas.
Fernão II of Portugal b. October 29, 1816 d. December 15, 1885 Portugal Monarch. He reigned as King consort of Portugal following his marriage to Queen Maria II da Glória in 1836. He was born as Ferdinand, prince von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, the son of Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha and his wife princess Maria Antonia von Kohary, a Catholic Hungarian noble-woman. (This branch of the previously fully Protestant Coburg-family became Catholics, and good marriage material to Catholic monarchies). According to Portuguese law, the husband of a reigning queen...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Josepha, Isabel Louisa b. January 6, 1668 d. October 21, 1690 Portuguese infanta and the sole daughter of King Peter II of Portugal and his first wife and former sister-in-law Marie-Françoise of Savoy. As such she was styled Princess of Beira. She was the presumptive heir to the throne of Portugal between 1668 and 1689, the year her half-brother John was born. She was planned to marry Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and many royal heads in Europe but every arrangement failed due in part to her fragile health. For this she was nicknamed Sempre-noiva, "Always-...[Read More] (Bio by: Donna) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Luís I of Portugal b. October 31, 1838 d. October 19, 1889 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1861 to 1889. The second son of Queen Maria II da Glória and her King consort Fernão II von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, he was married to princess Maria Pia of Savoy, the daughter of the 1st Italian king Vittorio Emanuele II and his queen Adelheid of Austria. Luís was a cultured man who wrote vernacular poetry, but otherwise had no distinguishing gifts in the political field into which he was thrust by the death of his brother king Pedro V in...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Mendes Bello, Cardinal. António b. June 18, 1842 d. August 5, 1929 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of São Pedro, António Mendes Bello came from a humble family. Entering seminary in Coimbra, he enrolled himself in the faculty of law at the local university, but health reasons forced him to return to his native Gouveia. Once recovered, he did enter the named university obtaining a licentiate in law, but upon being offered a professorship by the faculty, he declined, returning to Gouveia. Having been ordained priest in June 1865, he was named vicar general of...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Panteão dos Patriarcas.
of Habsburg, Maria Anna Josepha b. March 6, 1683 d. April 14, 1754 [Body without Heart] Archduchess of Austria. Queen of Portugal. Daughter of Emperor Leopold I. and Eleonore Magdalene von Neuburg. She loved the ballet and danced at the court theater. On October 27. 1708 she married King João V of Portugal. They had six children. In 1742 her husband was hit by a stroke. Assisted by advisers, she conducted the government until his death eight years later. It was her wish, that her heart should be buried in Vienna. Her body rests beside her husband in Sao...[Read More] (Bio by: Lutetia) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal VI., João b. May 13, 1769 d. March 26, 1826 King of Portugal 1816-1826. João was born in Lisbon 1769 and received the title of prince of Brazil in 1788. His parents were queen Maria I Francisca and king consort Pedro III of Portugal.In 1792 he assumed the reign of government in the name of his mother, who had declined into a mental illness (perhaps due to porphyria). He had been brought up in an ecclesiastical atmosphere and, being naturally of a somewhat weak and helpless character, he was ill adapted for the responsibilities he was...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal V., João b. October 22, 1689 d. July 31, 1750 King of Portugal 1706-1750. He was the son and heir of king Pedro II and his 2nd queen Maria Sophia von Pfalz-Neuburg. One of his first acts as king was to intimate his adherence to toe Grand Alliance, which his father had joined in 1703. Accordingly his general Das Minas, along with Lord Galway, advanced into Castille, but sustained the defeat of Almanza. In October 1708 he married his maternal cousin Maria Anna von Habsburg, the daughter of the Roman emperor Leopold I of Austria and empress...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal IV., João b. March, 1603 d. November 6, 1656 King of Portugal 1640-1656. He was born at Vila Vicosa and succeeded his father, Teodosio II, Duke of Braganza, in 1630. Dom João married Luisa de Guzmão, eldest daughter of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia, in 1633. By the unanimous voice of the people he was raised to the throne of Portugal (of which he was held to be the legitimate heir) during the revolution effected on December 1, 1640, against the Spanish king, Felipe IV.His accession led to a protracted war with Spain, which only ended with...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal I., José b. June 6, 1714 d. February 24, 1777 King of Portugal 1750-1777. he was the 3rd child of king João V and his wife queen Maria Anna Josepha of Austria. He had an elder brother, Pedro, who died at the age of 2. In 1729 José married a Spanish princess, Marianne Victoria of Borbón, daughter of king Felipe V and queen Isabella Farnese of Spain, and José's sister Barbara married the future king Fernando VI of Spain. Marianne Victoria loved music and hunting, but she was also a serious woman, who disliked her husbands affairs, and had no...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
of Portugal II., Manõel b. March 19, 1889 d. July 2, 1932 King of Portugal 1908-1910. Manõel II reigned as the last king of Portugal, following the assasinations of his father, king Carlos I and his elder brother, Crownprince Luìs Filipe. The young king tried to save the fragile position of the Braganza-monarchy by dismissing the dictator João Franco and his entire cabinet in 1908. Free elections were declared and republicans and socialists won an overwhelming victory. Revolution erupted on Oct. 10, 1910 and Manõel II fled to England with the royal...[Read More] Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal II., Maria da Glória b. April 4, 1819 d. November 15, 1853 Queen of Portugal 1826-28 and 1834-53. She was the daughter of king Pedro IV of Portugal, who also reigned as Pedro I, emperor of Brazil. Her mother was Pedros first wife, Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria, daughter of the last Roman emperor Franz II. In March 1826 king João VI died, and a crisis was installed in Portugal. King João VI had a male heir, Pedro, but he had proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822 and he was now emperor of that country. João VI also had a second son...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
of Portugal I., Miguel b. October 26, 1802 d. November 14, 1866 King of Portugal 1828-1834. King Miguell I was the second son of king João VI of Portugal and his queen Carlota Joaqiuna of Spain. Miguel was an avowed conservative an admirer of Mitternich's Austria. He led two revolts against his father in the 1820s, earning himself a sentence of exile. In 1826 he was betrothed to his young niece Maria II da Glória. Miguel subsequently declared himself regent on Febuary 26, 1828 - and then took the throne as sole monarch on June 23, 1828 at which time he...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
of Portugal III., Pedro b. July 5, 1717 d. May 25, 1786 King consort of Portugal. He was the younger son of king João V and his queen Maria Anna Josepha of Habsburg. He bacame king consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I Francisca in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. Pedro III was the brother of Maria's father king José I. Pedro III married Maria Francisca in 1760, at which time she was the heir to the throne then held by his brother José I. They had 6 children, of whom the eldest surviving son succeeded...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
of Portugal V., Pedro b. August 16, 1837 d. November 11, 1861 King of Portugal 1853-1861. He was the oldest son of queen Maria II da Glória and her king-consort Fernão II von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha. Pedro V was an unusually conscientious and hard-working monarch who, under the guidance of his father, sought radical modernisation of the Portuguese state and infrastructure. Under his reign roads, telegraphs and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced.However, this was unable to save the life of the young king, who died from...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Pedro of Portugal II b. April 26, 1648 d. December 9, 1706 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1683 to 1706. His parents were king João IV and his queen Luisa de Guzmão.He was appointed regent of Portugal for his insane brother Afonso VI 1668 - shortly after Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence. Pedro first locked his brother away, but then came to the throne in his own right after the death of Afonso VI in 1683. Around this time, the discovery of silver mines in Brazil enlarged Pedro's treasury to an ectent that he was...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal