Léonin b. 1135 d. 1201 Composer. The first major Western composer known to us by name, he was a leading light of the Notre Dame or Parisian School. He was hailed as a master of organum, the earliest form of polyphonic (multi-voiced) music, in which a second melodic line was added to traditional plainchant. Léonin compiled and contributed to the original version of the "Magnus Liber Organi" ("Great Book of Organum", c. 1175), the most important single collection of Medieval vocal works. It is a huge body of two-part...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Lustiger, Cardinal. Jean-Marie b. September 17, 1926 d. August 5, 2007 Roman Catholic Cardinal. The longtime Archbishop of Paris, he was the first Jew elevated to the Sacred College in several hundred years. Born Aaron Lustiger to a non-observant Ashkenazic family that had emigrated from Poland a few years earlier, he first encountered the anti-Semitism he was to spend his life fighting in school and on an early visit to Germany; with the Nazi occupation of Paris his family left their business and relocated to Orleans in 1939. Somewhere around age 12 he found a...[Read More] (Bio by: Bob Hufford) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
of Arc, Joan [memorial] b. January 6, 1412 d. May 30, 1431 Roman Catholic Saint, French Military hero. Born Jehanne d'Arc in the small French village of Domrémy-la-Pucelle in the present day department of the Vosges, she was the 4th of five children born to Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée. Jeanne was devoutly religious as a child, and in early adolescence began having visitations from St. Michael, St. Margaret and St. Catherine. Around age 15 her visions prompted her to seek out Charles, the dauphin of France, and assist him in ascending to the throne...[Read More] (Bio by: Paul A. Laguerre) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Pérotin b. 1160 d. 1238 Composer. The greatest representative of the Medieval period's Notre Dame School. He is one of the few members of that mysterious group known to us by name, and the only one to whom compositions can be attributed with confidence. Pérotin revolutionized Western music by introducing four-voice polyphony in his masterpieces "Viderunt omnes" (1198) and "Sederunt principes" (1199), and in "Mors" (c. 1200), an adaptation of the Easter Week chant "Alleluia V. Cristus resurgens". Before him music was...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Verdier, Cardinal. Jean b. February 19, 1864 d. April 9, 1940 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of Lacroix-Barrez, Jean Verdier studied entered seminary of Rodez prior to entering the Society of Saint-Sulpice in 1886. Ordained priest on April 9, 1887 in Rome, he was appointed to the teaching staff of seminary of Perigueux, eventually serving as its rector between 1898 and 1912. Faculty Member and Superior of the Seminary Des Carmes of Paris from 1912 till 1920, he was named honorary canon of the chapter of the Metropolitan Cathedral of Paris in 1923...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Veuillot, Cardinal. Pierre Marie Joseph b. January 5, 1913 d. February 14, 1968 Roman Catholic Cardinal. The son of renowned Catholic journalist François Veuillot and his wife Marie Monnoir, Parisian born Pierre Marie Joseph Veuillot received his early education under the Brothers of the Christian Schools. Ordained priest on March 26, 1939 after successfully concluding his studies at the Seminary Des Carmes, he was appointed to the teaching staff of the Maison de Conflans of Paris and in 1949, named staff member of the Secretariat of State of the Vatican City. Raised to...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France Plot: Archbishopric Crypt.
Vierne, Louis [memorial] b. October 8, 1870 d. June 2, 1937 Composer, Organist. He was one of the greatest organ virtuosos of his time, and his music for that instrument marks the culmination of the French Romantic organ tradition. The son of a newspaper editor from Poitiers, France, Louis Victor Jules Vierne was born virtually blind from congenital cataracts. At age six he underwent two operations that partially restored his vision, and he was mentored in music by his uncle, organist Charles Colin. After studying with Cesar Franck and Charles-Marie...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Ile-de-France, France