II., Pope. Niccolo' 'Nicholas' b. 1010 d. July 27, 1061 Pope. A Burgundian named Gerard, who at the time of his election was bishop of Florence. In his short pontificate (1058 to 1061) Niccolo' II did much. He renewed the election decrees in 1061. He condemned Berengarius, a Frenchman who denied transubstantiation. He fostered reform by means of energetic legates; and he made Hildebrand, reform's greatest champion, archdeacon of the Roman church. (Bio by: MC) Cathedral of Florence, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Alighieri, Dante [cenotaph] b. May 22, 1265 d. September 14, 1321 Author. Born Durante Alighieri in Florence, Italy the son of Alighiero di Bellincione Alighieri, a notary, and his first wife. His studies included rhetoric, grammar, philosophy, literature , theology, philosophy, and theology. In 1293 he joined the guild of physicians and apothecaries in order to gain entry into the political life of the city. About that same year he published 'Vita Nuova' a combination of lyrical verse and poetic prose telling the story of his love for Beatrice. About 1295 he...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Annigoni, Pietro b. June 7, 1910 d. October 28, 1988 Artist. A native of Milan, Italy, he is most notable for his portrait paintings of beggars, and for his 1955 portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, which has been used on several colonial banknotes including the 1968 Rhodesian note. His portrait of Queen Elizabeth II hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in London, England. Known for his style of Italian Renaissance, he was a contrast to the modernist and post-modernist artistic styles of the middle and late 20th century. Among his other works was...[Read More] (Bio by: K) Cimitero Monumentale di San Miniato al Monte, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Baker, Addison Earl [memorial] b. January 1, 1907 d. August 1, 1943 World War II Congressional Medal of Honor recipient. Born in Chicago, Illinois, he was a National Guard officer who had been called to active duty in 1940. By 1943, he was a Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army Air Corps and commander of the 93rd Heavy Bombardment Group, Eighth Air Force, assigned to Benghazi, North Africa. It was from this point that he led his group as part of a daring low level attack against enemy oil refineries and installations at Ploesti, Romania, on August 1, 1943. Approaching...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Florence American Cemetery and Memorial, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Body was never recovered.
Benelli, Cardinal. Giovanni b. May 12, 1921 d. October 26, 1982 Roman Catholic Cardinal. Poggiole di Vernio born Giovanni Benelli was the youngest of the five surviving children of Luigi Benelli and Maria Simoni. His uncle, Friar Guido Benelli entered the Order of Franciscan Friars Minor and died with fame of holiness. Entering seminary in Pistoia on October 18, 1931, he later moved to Rome to further studies at the Pontifical French Seminary, the Pontifical Gregorian University and the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. Ordained priest on October 21, 1943...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Cathedral of Florence, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Archbishopric Crypt Beneath The Chapel Of The Most Blessed Sacrament.
Bonaparte, Julie b. December 26, 1771 d. April 7, 1845 Queen of Naples and Spain. Julie Clary was born in Marseille, France, the daughter of François Clary, a wealthy silk manufacturer and merchant, and his wife Françoise Rose Somis. The Clary sisters had ties to the Bonaparte family before their ascent to power, sister Desiree was engaged to Joseph Bonaparte before moving on to his brother Napoleon. Joseph married her sister Marie-Julie Clary instead on August 1, 1794 at Cuges. They had three daughters Julie Josephine Bonaparte who died as an...[Read More] (Bio by: Paul S.) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Botticelli (di Mariano Filipepi), Sandro (Allesandro) b. March 1, 1445 d. May 16, 1510 Artist. He was a contemporary of famed artist Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni and Renaissance man Leonardo da Vinci, and his considered one of the best painters of the 15th century period of art and culture in Italy known as the "Quattrocento". He was pupil of painter Filippo Lippi and worked for the House of Medici political dynasty. His works include the paintings "Adorazione del Magi," "Nascita di Venere" and "Allegoria de la Primavera." He also worked on the Sistine Chapel in the...[Read More] Abbazia Di Ognissanti, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Browning (Moulton), Elizabeth Barrett b. March 6, 1806 d. June 29, 1861 Poet. Born Elizabeth Moulton-Barrett at Cohnadatia Hall in Durham, England,, family wealth from Jamaican sugar plantations gave Elizabeth and her eleven brothers and sisters a privileged childhood. In her teens, she contracted a lung disorder, the nature of which is still speculated upon, and was treated as an invalid by her parents. In 1826 she published ‘An Essay on Mind and Other Poems' anonymously. After her father suffered financial losses which forced him to sell the family estate, the...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Cimitero Accatolico, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Caccini, Francesca b. September 18, 1587 d. 1640 (circa) Composer, Singer, Instrumentalist. Nicknamed "The Songbird", she was one of the most famous and versatile musicians of the the 17th Century. Her comedy "La liberazione di Ruggiero" (1625) was the first opera written by a woman and the first to be performed outside of Italy. The youngest daughter of singer-composer Giulio Caccini, she was born in Florence and sang at the Medici Court as a child, along with her sister Settimia. She received an excellent musical education and learned to play the...[Read More] (Bio by: Robert Edwards) Basilica della Santissima Annunziata, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Caccini Family Vault
Caccini, Giulio b. October 8, 1551 d. December 10, 1618 Composer, Singer, Music Theorist. An important pioneer of early Baroque vocal music. His opera "Euridice" (1600) was the first ever to be published. Caccini was born in Rome and studied music in Florence under the patronage of Cosimo de Medici, who admired his singing. Around 1574 he joined the Florentine Cammerata Society, a group of intellectuals who upheld Ancient Greek art as a model for a new creative simplicity; under its influence he began writing songs in a monodic style, using a...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Basilica della Santissima Annunziata, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Caccini, Settimia b. October 6, 1591 d. 1638 Singer, Composer. One of the first women to enjoy a successful career as a professional musician. The youngest daughter of singer-composer Giulio Caccini, she was born in Florence and sang at the Medici Court as a child, along with her sister Francesca. The family later formed the vocal group "Il Concerto Caccini" and entertained King Henri IV in Paris before going their seperate ways. Claudio Monteverdi invited Settimia to Mantua to create the role of Venus in his opera "Arianna" (1608)...[Read More] (Bio by: Robert Edwards) Basilica della Santissima Annunziata, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Caccini Family Vault
Cellini, Benvenuto b. November 3, 1500 d. February 14, 1571 Artist. He was born in Florence, Italy. He is one of the greatest artists in the Western art, in the peak of Renaissance era. At nineteen, he went to Rome, where he worked for Popes Clement VII and Paul III, for whom he made jeweled ornaments and medallions. In 1536, he traveled to France, where he made the famous salt-cellar for King François I and sculpted decorations for the palace at Fontainebleau. In Florence, Cellini was supported by Duke Cosimo I de Medici. Cosimo's first commission was...[Read More] (Bio by: José L Bernabé Tronchoni) Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Clough, Arthur Hugh b. January 1, 1819 d. November 13, 1861 English poet. Clough was educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford. He wrote a great deal of poetry but only two volumes appeared during his lifetime: "The Bothie of Tober-na-Vuolich" (1848) and "Ambarvalia" (1849). His posthumous poems include “Amours de Voyage,” the dialogues “Dypsichus,” and the tales “Mari Magno.” Clough is best known for the short lyric, “Say not the struggle naught availeth.” His death at the age of 42 was much mourned by those who had known and expected much of him. (Bio by: MC) Cimitero Accatolico, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Collodi, Carlo b. November 24, 1826 d. October 26, 1890 Author. Real name Carlo Lorenzini. Born in Florence, he took his pen name from his mother's native village. He worked for many years as a journalist and began writing fairy tales in 1856. Collodi's book "The Adventures of Pinocchio" (1883) is one of the most famous children's stories of all time. It has been filmed several times, notably by Walt Disney in 1940. Collodi never married. (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Cimitero Monumentale Delle Porte Sante, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Lorenzini Tomb
Dalla Costa, Cardinal. Elia b. May 14, 1872 d. December 22, 1961 Roman Catholic Cardinal. The youngest of five children of whom only two survived infancy, Elia Dalla Costa received his early education at the seminaries of Vicenza and Padua, graduating in Letters from the latter city's university in 1897. Ordained priest for the diocese of Vicenza, he was soon appointed substitute to the parish priest of his native Villaverla who was facing difficulties in running the parishes due to his advanced age. Appointed professor of Letters at the seminary of Vicenza...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Cathedral of Florence, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
De Medici, Cosimo b. September 27, 1389 d. August 1, 1464 Founder of the Medici political dynasty. First of the De Medici family to rule Florence, he is also know as "Cosimo the Elder" and "Cosimo Pater Patriae." In 1434, he consolidated the power of Florence in his and his family's hands, beginning the reign of the Medici that would last in Florence until the end of the Renaissance. He built up strong connections throughout Italy and Europe in his capacity as a banker, and applied the wealth of Florence in patronage of artistic and intellectual...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Lorenzo, Florence, Provincia di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Cappelle Medicee