Afonso VI of Portugal b. August 21, 1643 d. September 12, 1675 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1656 to 1667. The second king of the House of Braganza, his parents were King João IV and his wife, queen Luisa de Gusmão. He succeeded his father in 1656 at the age of 16. His reign saw military victories over the Spanish at Ameixial (June 8, 1663) and Montes Claros (June 17, 1665), culmination in the final Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence of February 13, 1668. Colonial affairs saw the Dutch conquest of Jaffnapatam, Portugal'...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Braganza, Catherine Of b. November 25, 1638 d. November 30, 1705 British monarch, Queen consort of King Charles II. The daughter of John IV of Portugal and Luisa de Guzman. She married Charles in May of 1662. She was not a popular queen, being Roman Catholic, and her faith prevented her from being crowned. Charles was a womanizer, but Catherine failed to give birth to a living heir, despite several pregnancies. She was neglected by her husband, who continued to have children by his mistresses, and he refused to divorce her. Upon Charles' death in 1685, she...[Read More] (Bio by: Kristen Conrad) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Pantheon of the royal House of Braganza
Camões, Luís Vaz b. 1524 d. June 10, 1580 Poet. Generally considered Portugal's greatest poet, his mastery and art is only comparable in greatness to Virgil, Dante or Shakespeare. He penned dozens of sonnets and other poems, but is best remembered for his epic work "Os Lusíadas." He was born in Lisbon. When he was very young, legend says, he fell in love with a lady of the court. The lady had also caught the king's eye, however, and so Camões was sent into exile. The lady died of a broken heart, and Camões thought so much of her that...[Read More] (Bio by: Cristiana Santos) Monastery of Jeronimos, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Carlos I of Portugal b. September 28, 1863 d. February 1, 1908 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1889 to 1908. His parents were King Luiz I and Queen Maria Pia of Savoy, the daughter of king Umberto I of Italy. King Carlos I was an intelligent but extravagant man. Colonial treaties with Britain in 1892 and 1902 stabilized the colonial situation in Africa. Portugal was twice declared bankrupt during his reigh, in 1892 and again in 1902 causing industrial disturbances, socialist and republican antagonism and criticism of the monarchy...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Catherine of Castile b. January 14, 1507 d. February 12, 1578 Royalty, posthumous daughter of Philipp I and Joanna of Castile. When her mother was imprisoned at castle Tordesillas, Catherine accompanied her. While her five siblings were raised at the courts in Mecheln and Madrid she lived in a small room which was located behind her mothers room. When her brother Charles and her sister Eleanor visited their...[Read More] (Bio by: Lutetia) Monastery of Jeronimos, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Cerejeira, Cardinal. Manuel Gonçalves b. November 29, 1888 d. August 2, 1977 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of Lousado, Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira entered seminary in Braga, later pursuing his studies at the University of Coimbra. Ordained priest in April 1911, he started collaborating for the journal "A Palavra" and by the following year, founded the "O Imparcial" newspaper in order to oppose anti-clericalism at the named University of Coimbra, of which he formed part of its teaching staff between 1911 and 1928, occupying several chairs. Appointed suffragan of of...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Panteão dos Patriarcas.
da Cunha e Menezes, Cardinal. Carlos b. April 7, 1759 d. December 14, 1825 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of Santa Engrácia in the municipality of Lisbon, Carlos da Cunha e Menezes studied at the University of Coimbra, obtaining a doctorate in canon law in 1784. Ordained priest in June that year, he was successively named canon primicerius of the patriarchal cathedral of Lisbon and vicar capitular of Lisbon. Elected patriarch of Lisbon on August 23, 1819, he received his episcopal consecration on December 19 followed by the title of inquisitor four days later. Pope...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Panteão dos Patriarcas.
Fernão II of Portugal b. October 29, 1816 d. December 15, 1885 Portugal Monarch. He reigned as King consort of Portugal following his marriage to Queen Maria II da Glória in 1836. He was born as Ferdinand, prince von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, the son of Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha and his wife princess Maria Antonia von Kohary, a Catholic Hungarian noble-woman. (This branch of the previously fully Protestant Coburg-family became Catholics, and good marriage material to Catholic monarchies). According to Portuguese law, the husband of a reigning queen...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Fielding, Henry b. April 22, 1707 d. October 8, 1754 Novelist, satirist, playwright, magistrate. Born to an aristocratic family, Fielding was educated at Eton and studied law for a time at Leiden University in southern Holland before beginning his career in London writing for the theatre. His political satires were scathing, and are thought to be the reason behind the Theatrical Licensing Act of 1737, which made putting a political satire on the stage virtually impossible, and made those who wrote them suspect. Fielding then retired from the...[Read More] (Bio by: VampireRed) British Cemetery, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Gama, Vasco Da b. 1469 d. December 24, 1524 Explorer, Navigator, born in Sines, Alentejo, Portugal. He led the expedition which discovered the route to India round the Cape of Good Hope (1497-1499), and in 1502-1503 led a squadron of ships to Calicut to avenge the murder of a group of Portuguese explorers left there by Cabral. In 1524 he was sent as viceroy to India, but he soon fell ill, and died at Cochin. His body was brought home to Portugal. Monastery of Jeronimos, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Henrique of Portugal I. b. January 31, 1512 d. January 29, 1580 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1578 to 1580. He was the younger brother of King João III and, as a younger son of King Manõel I he was not expected to succeed to the throne. Early in his life, Henrique took Holy Orders to promote Portuguese interests within the Catholic Church, then dominated by Spain. He rose fast through the Church hierarchy, becoming in quick succession Archbishop of Braga, Archbishop of Evora and Grand Inquisitor before receiving the Cardinal's hat...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Monastery of Jeronimos, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Josepha, Isabel Louisa b. January 6, 1668 d. October 21, 1690 Portuguese infanta and the sole daughter of King Peter II of Portugal and his first wife and former sister-in-law Marie-Françoise of Savoy. As such she was styled Princess of Beira. She was the presumptive heir to the throne of Portugal between 1668 and 1689, the year her half-brother John was born. She was planned to marry Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and many royal heads in Europe but every arrangement failed due in part to her fragile health. For this she was nicknamed Sempre-noiva, "Always-...[Read More] (Bio by: Donna) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Luís I of Portugal b. October 31, 1838 d. October 19, 1889 Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1861 to 1889. The second son of Queen Maria II da Glória and her King consort Fernão II von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, he was married to princess Maria Pia of Savoy, the daughter of the 1st Italian king Vittorio Emanuele II and his queen Adelheid of Austria. Luís was a cultured man who wrote vernacular poetry, but otherwise had no distinguishing gifts in the political field into which he was thrust by the death of his brother king Pedro V in...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Mendes Bello, Cardinal. António b. June 18, 1842 d. August 5, 1929 Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of São Pedro, António Mendes Bello came from a humble family. Entering seminary in Coimbra, he enrolled himself in the faculty of law at the local university, but health reasons forced him to return to his native Gouveia. Once recovered, he did enter the named university obtaining a licentiate in law, but upon being offered a professorship by the faculty, he declined, returning to Gouveia. Having been ordained priest in June 1865, he was named vicar general of...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Plot: Panteão dos Patriarcas.
Miranda, Soledad b. July 9, 1943 d. August 18, 1970 Spanish actress of the 1960s, born in Seville, niece of singer Paquita Rico. Though she appeared in movies such as "La bella Mimi" (1960), "Las hijas de Elena" (1963), "La familia y uno más" (1965), or "Soltera y madre en la vida" (1969), she is best rememberered for her work in Jesus Franco's horror films, among them "El conde Drácula" (1969) and "Las vampiras" (1970). Soledad died in a car accident in Lisbon at the young age of 27. (Bio by: Alberto Blanco) Cemitério do Alto de Sao Joao, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
of Habsburg, Maria Anna Josepha b. March 6, 1683 d. April 14, 1754 [Body without Heart] Archduchess of Austria. Queen of Portugal. Daughter of Emperor Leopold I. and Eleonore Magdalene von Neuburg. She loved the ballet and danced at the court theater. On October 27. 1708 she married King João V of Portugal. They had six children. In 1742 her husband was hit by a stroke. Assisted by advisers, she conducted the government until his death eight years later. It was her wish, that her heart should be buried in Vienna. Her body rests beside her husband in Sao...[Read More] (Bio by: Lutetia) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal VI., João b. May 13, 1769 d. March 26, 1826 King of Portugal 1816-1826. João was born in Lisbon 1769 and received the title of prince of Brazil in 1788. His parents were queen Maria I Francisca and king consort Pedro III of Portugal.In 1792 he assumed the reign of government in the name of his mother, who had declined into a mental illness (perhaps due to porphyria). He had been brought up in an ecclesiastical atmosphere and, being naturally of a somewhat weak and helpless character, he was ill adapted for the responsibilities he was...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal III., João b. June 6, 1502 d. June 11, 1557 King of Portugal 1521-1557. Born in Lisbon, he was the son of king Manõel I and his queen Maria of Aragon, princess of Spain (daughter of king Juan II of Aragon and queen Isabella I "the Catholic" of Castille).João III succeeded to the crown at a time, when Portugal was at the height of it's political power, and Lisbon in a position of commercial importance previously unknown. The Asian possessions were extended by further conquest, and systemati colonization of Brazil had begun. João III...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Monastery of Jeronimos, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal V., João b. October 22, 1689 d. July 31, 1750 King of Portugal 1706-1750. He was the son and heir of king Pedro II and his 2nd queen Maria Sophia von Pfalz-Neuburg. One of his first acts as king was to intimate his adherence to toe Grand Alliance, which his father had joined in 1703. Accordingly his general Das Minas, along with Lord Galway, advanced into Castille, but sustained the defeat of Almanza. In October 1708 he married his maternal cousin Maria Anna von Habsburg, the daughter of the Roman emperor Leopold I of Austria and empress...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Of Portugal IV., João b. March, 1603 d. November 6, 1656 King of Portugal 1640-1656. He was born at Vila Vicosa and succeeded his father, Teodosio II, Duke of Braganza, in 1630. Dom João married Luisa de Guzmão, eldest daughter of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia, in 1633. By the unanimous voice of the people he was raised to the throne of Portugal (of which he was held to be the legitimate heir) during the revolution effected on December 1, 1640, against the Spanish king, Felipe IV.His accession led to a protracted war with Spain, which only ended with...[Read More] (Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen) Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal