Anne (Anna of Inner Austria) b. August 16, 1573 d. February 10, 1598 Queen of Poland and Sweden. She was originally Archduchess-Princess of Austria, Duchess of Styria there, belonged to the Habsburg Dynasty and became the first consort of King Sigmund III in 1592. Her private nickname was "Andle". In six years, she bore five children of whom a son and all three daughters died young. She was Queen of both countries for seven years, from the year of her marriage until her death, and thus missed by a year her husband's official dethronement in Sweden in 1599. All...[Read More] (Bio by: Count Demitz) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland Plot: Vasa Chapel
Asnyk, Adam b. September 11, 1838 d. August 2, 1897 Polish poet and dramatist. He published his poems in the collections Poezje (1869, 1872, 1880, 1894). He began his literary career in 1864-65. The fullest expression of his intellectualised poetry is the series of 30 sonnets, Nad glebiami (1883-94), owing to which Asnyk came to be referred to as "a poet-philosopher." This series comprises the poet's philosophical system, which was an attempt at reconciling idealism with positivist realism and scientism. He was leading poet of positivism period...[Read More] (Bio by: Kasia) Skalka Sanctuary, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Casimir IV. b. November 30, 1427 d. June 7, 1492 Polish and Lithuanian Royalty. He was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440 to 1492 and the King of Poland from 1447 to 1492. He sought to preserve the political union between Poland and Lithuania and to recover the lost lands of old Poland. As the second son of Władysław II Jagiełło and his fourth wife, Zofja Holszańska; he was the second in line to be heir to the throne. His father was already over 75 at Casimir’s birth; his brother Władysław III, who was...[Read More] (Bio by: Linda Davis) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Deskur, Cardinal. Andrzej Maria b. February 29, 1924 d. September 3, 2011 Roman Catholic Cardinal. Born at the Deskur palace in Sancygniów to a noble family of French origins, Andrzej Maria Deskur earned a doctorate in law from the Jagellonian University of Kraków before entering the local seminary. Furthering his studies at the Catholic University of Fribourg in Switzerland, receiving a doctorate in moral theology with specialty in social sciences, he was ordained priest at St. Bonnet-les-Oules in France by Cardinal Pierre-Marie Gerlier, Archbishop of Lyon, on...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Sanctuary Of The Divine Mercy, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland Plot: Sanctuary Crypt.
Dlugosz, Jan b. 1415 d. May 19, 1480 Preeminent medieval Polish historian and diplomat. Born in Brzeznica, Poland and educated in literature and philosophy at the Academy of Cracow. Ordained in 1440 and appointed secretary to Cardinal Zbigniew Olesnicki, Bishop of Cracow. Best remembered for his monumental 12 volume History of Poland (Historiae Polonicae) which was partially published in 1614, and finally in full in 1711. The first of its kind, it inspired Poles with pride in their past and favourably changed the attitude of...[Read More] (Bio by: Fred Beisser) Skalka Sanctuary, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Dunajewski, Cardinal. Albin b. March 1, 1817 d. June, 1894 Roman Catholic Cardinal. Born in Stanisławów, then part of the Austrian Empire and nowadays part of Ukraine, Albin Dunajewski frequented the theological faculty of Lviv, the university and seminary of Kraków and the Collegio Romano in Rome. Working at the said university with the youth, he was the co-founder of the "Mloda Sarmacja" union statute. Accused of conspiring for being a member of the Polish Democrats, he was arrested on February 8, 1841 and sentenced to death following a...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland Plot: Krypty Biskupów Krakowskich.
John I Albert (Olbracht) (Jan) b. December 27, 1459 d. June 17, 1501 Polish Royalty. He was the third son of Casimir IV, the Grand Duke of Lithuania and the King of Poland and his wife Elisabeth, the daughter of King Albert of Hungary; his Polish name was Jan Olbracht. After his father’s lack in formal education, he was well-educated and studied under the noted Polish historian and Roman Catholic priest, John Dlugosz and advisor, Filip Callimachus. Since King Casimir’s second son had decided to follow the calling of the church leaving the duties of prince...[Read More] (Bio by: Linda Davis) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Kaczynski, Lech Aleksander b. June 18, 1949 d. April 10, 2010 President of the Republic of Poland from 2005 to 2010. A politician of the party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS). Kaczyński served as Mayor of Warsaw from 2002 until 22 December 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. On 19 March 2005, he formally declared his intention to run for president in the October 2005 election. Elected President of the Republic of Poland in defeating the runner up Donald Tusk, by polling 54.04 percent of the vote, Kaczyński...[Read More] Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Kościuszko, Thaddeus b. February 4, 1746 d. October 15, 1817 American Revolutionary War Soldier. He is remembered as a hero in the US, Poland, Lithuania, and Belarus for his participation in revolutionary causes as a military soldier. He was one of several foreign-born soldiers who joined the American Continental Army for a numerous reasons, but who added some well-needed professionalism to its rough-hewn tactics and tenuous grasp of strategy. He was born Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko in the village Mereczowszczyzna, Polish-Lithuanian...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Lem, Stanislaw b. September 12, 1921 d. March 27, 2006 Author. A well regarded Polish science fiction writer, he was born in 1921 in Lwów, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine). In 1946 he was "repatriated" from the territory annexed by the Soviet Union to Kraków. Some of his works (which have been translated into 41 languages and sold over 27 million copies) include "Solaris", "The Cyberiad", "Eden", "Hospital of the Transfiguration", "The Star Diaries/Memoirs of a Space Traveler", "The Futurological Congress", and "Tales of Pirx the Pilot/More Tales of Pirx...[Read More] (Bio by: Kasia) Salwator Cemetery, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Leszczynski, Stanislaw b. October 20, 1670 d. February 23, 1766 Polish Monarch. King of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth and he was the last Duke of Lorraine. His reign was from 1704 to 1709 and then again from 1733 to 1736. He died in Luneville and was originally buried at Notre-Dame de Bon-Secours Chapel in Nancy, France. (Bio by: Tom Denardo) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Macharski, Cardinal. Franciszek b. May 20, 1927 d. August 2, 2016 Roman Catholic Cardinal. Kraków born Franciszek Macharski was the youngest of the three children of a barrister. Entering the Major Metropolitan Seminary of his native city, later frequenting the Jagiellonian University, he was ordained priest at the Święty Franciszek Basilica of Kraków by Cardinal Adam Sapieha on April 2, 1950. For six years he served as vicar in the parish of Kozy, Bielsko-Biała before being sent over to Switzerland to further his studies at the University of...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Milosz, Czeslaw b. June 30, 1911 d. August 14, 2004 Polish Poet and Nobel Prize recipient 1980. Born in Seteiniai, in what is now Lithuania, he was co-founder of a literary group "Zagary" and made his literary début in 1930 when he published two volumes of poetry and worked for the Polish Radio. Spent most of WWII in Warsaw working for underground presses. In the diplomatic service of the Poland beginning in 1945, he left the communist government in 1951 moving to France where he wrote several books. Awarded Prix Littéraire Européen in 1953...[Read More] (Bio by: Fred Beisser) Skalka Sanctuary, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland
Modjeska (Opid), Helena b. October 12, 1840 d. April 8, 1909 Born Helena Opid the daughter of a musician. She began to act in Warsaw. She migrated to the US and in 1876 settled in California, where she and her second husband attempted ranching which proved a failure. she returned to the stage and dispite her poor english, she was very successful doing Shakespearean and contemporary roles. In 1881, she fulfilled her ambition to play Shakespeare on an English stage in London. Her chief tragic roles were Shakespeare's Ophelia, Juliet, Desdamona, and...[Read More] Cause of death: Heart attack Rakowicki Cemetery, Krakow, Malopolskie, Poland