Arendt, Erich b. April 15, 1903 d. September 25, 1984 Poet and Translator. Born in Neuruppin to a schoolmaster and washerwoman, he obtained his Abitur and began to study art at a teachers college in Neuruppin. His first poems were published in 1925. He joined the Communist Party in 1926 and became a teacher in Berlin. In 1933, due to his Communist politics and a half-Jewish wife, he fled the Nazis and went into exile, first in Switzerland and then in Spain, where he took part in the Spanish Civil War, and finally in Columbia. He returned to East...[Read More] (Bio by: Kenneth Gilbert) Dorotheenstädtisch-Friedrichwerderscher Friedhof I, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany
Bach, Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst b. May 27, 1759 d. December 25, 1845 Composer. He was the only grandson of Johann Sebastian Bach to achieve fame as a musician. His symphonies, cantatas and chamber music were firmly in the Classical style of Haydn and Mozart. Bach was born in Bueckeberg, Germany, where his father, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, was the longtime music director. He studied briefly in Hamburg with his uncle, C.P.E. Bach, and for three years in London with Johann Christian Bach, before receiving his first conducting appointment at Minden in...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Friedhof der Sophiengemeinde II, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany
Bengsch, Cardinal. Alfred b. September 10, 1921 d. December 13, 1979 Religious Figure. Roman Catholic Bishop of Berlin-both East and West-and leader of East Germany's 1.2 million Roman Catholics. The son of a Berlin postal official, He was named bishop of the divided city and its environs in August 1961, three days after the erection of the Berlin Wall. A conservative theologian who steered clear of politics, he was given special permission by East German authorities to cross the Wall three days a month to minister to his West Berlin flock, later he was allowed...[Read More] Sankt-Hedwigs-Kathedrale, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany
Chodowiecki, Daniel Nikolaus b. October 16, 1726 d. February 7, 1801 Painter. Largely self-taught, Daniel achieved his first popular success with the sentimental painting The Parting of Jean Calas from His Family (1767), which shows the influence of Greuze. He began engraving in 1758. The bulk of his work was in illustrating scientific books by Basedow, Buffon, Lavater, Pestalozzi and others. He also painted many portraits of Polish gentry and was interested in Huguenot and Polish history as well, making some paintings on the topic. He was in tune with the...[Read More] (Bio by: Shock) Französischer Friedhof I, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany
Delbrück, Justus b. November 25, 1902 d. October 23, 1945 Anti-Nazi Resistance Figure. He studied law in Heidelberg and Berlin and then became a government official. He declined to join the Nazi Party in 1933 as he was a member of the Confessing Church. This decision forced him to leave government service in 1935 and become a businessman. There he helped Jewish friends who were forced to sell their businesses due to the Nazi takeover. In 1940, he was drafted into the Wehrmacht where he became part of the Abwehr, the German intelligence organization...[Read More] (Bio by: Kenneth Gilbert) Dorotheenstädtisch-Friedrichwerderscher Friedhof I, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany Plot: Resistance Memorial
Friederike Luise of Hessen-Darmstadt (Hohenzollerns) (Friederike Luise) b. October 6, 1751 d. August 14, 1805 German Nobility. Daughter of Landgrave Ludwig IX. von Hessen Darmstadt. She married Friedrich Wilhelm, nephew and heir of King Friedrich II, on July 14, 1769. He barely noticed her and preferred the nearness of his mistress Wilhelmine Encke. Until 1783 she became mother of 7 children which she loved and cared for. They lived with her mother at the Castle Monbijou. After her husband had succeeded Friedrich II. he married morganatically twice without getting a divorce and she had no choice but to...[Read More] (Bio by: Lutetia) Cause of death: Stroke Berliner Dom, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany
Heydrich, Reinhard b. March 7, 1904 d. June 4, 1942 Nazi SS General and leader of the Reich Security Office (RSHA), which was an umbrella organization including the Gestapo, the criminal police, and the internal Security Service. Heydrich was one of the main authors of the Nazi "Final Solution" and Holocaust against the Jews. Often called the "Blond Beast," he was ruthless in his persecution. His car was attacked and bombed by Free Czech agents in Prague on May 27, 1942, and he died later of his wounds. This action brought down massive reprisals...[Read More] Cause of death: A piece of grenade-shrapnel lodged in his back which eventually caused gangrene Invalidenfriedhof, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany Plot: Section C, between the large plots of Oven and Scharnhorst.
Moltke, Gen. Helmuth Von b. May 25, 1848 d. June 18, 1916 Military Figure. Usually called Helmuth von Moltke "the Younger" or "the Nephew," to distinguish him from his famous uncle of the same name. Moltke the Younger fought in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) and rose to become a Field Marshall and Chief of the German General Staff (1906-1914). His cautious handling of the initial German attacks in World War I is often blamed for the German defeat at the Marne in Sept. 1914, after which he suffered a nervous breakdown and was dismissed. Moltke died...[Read More] (Bio by: Geoff Walden) Invalidenfriedhof, Berlin-Mitte, Mitte, Berlin, Germany