de Medici I., Cosimo b. June 12, 1519 d. April 21, 1574 Duke of Florence, grand duke of Tuscany. Among his many accomplishments were the creation of the ‘Uffizi,' originally intended to house the government, and now one of the world's great art galleries; the expansion of Florence to control most of Tuscany, including Siena; taking over the Pitti Palace as a home for the Medici and finishing it off; the promotion of the University of Pisa; and a host of other accomplishments in the economic, architectural and artistic spheres. In 1539 he married the...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Lorenzo, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Cappelle Medicee
De Medici, Gian Gastone b. 1671 d. July 9, 1737 Grand Duke of Tuscany. Son and successor of Cosimo III De' Medici, he was the last male member of his family and the last of the family to rule Tuscany. He had been neglected by his grandmother, mother and father, ignored by his elder brother Ferdinando, by the court and by the people of Florence. He was forced by his father to marry Anna Maria Franziska, an immensely fat twenty-three years old lady, daughter of the duke of Saxony and Lauenburg and widow of Palatine Count Philip of Neuberg. No...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Lorenzo, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Crypt - Cappelle Medicee
Florit, Cardinal. Ermenegildo b. July 5, 1901 d. December 8, 1985 Roman Catholic Cardinal. Fagagna born Ermenegildo Florit came from a family of labourers, one of nine children. Entering seminary in Udine, he was ordained priest there on April 11, 1925. Archpriest of Palmanova in Friuli and chaplain of the local hospital, furthering his studies in Rome at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, the Pontifical Biblical Institute and the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, he was a long-time member of the teaching faculty of the named Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum between 1929...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Cathedral of Florence, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Archbishopric Crypt Beneath The Chapel Of The Most Blessed Sacrament.
Francescantonio, Franco di b. June 14, 1952 d. July 26, 2005 Actor. He was born in Roma and died in Florencia. He began his career on stage in 1971 in classic and contemporary repertory. Soon, he become member of the group "Giancattivi." He worked on Stage with Zeffirelli, Alfredo Bianchini and Roberto di Simone. Also he developed a prolific radio career. In 1989, worked with Compagnia del Piccolo Teatro di Milano. From 1988, he often work in Barcelona, where triumphed with plays such as "Lettera al Padre di Kafka," "Giovanni," "Así que Pasen Cinco Años"...[Read More] (Bio by: José L Bernabé Tronchoni) Cimitero del Pino, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Urn 452 (Left side)
Galilei, Galileo b. February 15, 1564 d. January 8, 1642 Scientist. He was one of the most influential scientific figures in human history He used the telescope to vindicate Copernicus and is remembered as the Father of the modern Experimental Science, as well as the Father of the Science of Motion. Born in Pisa, Italy, as a child he showed unusual skill with building block toys. As he grew into a teenager, he learned to play the lute and the organ, and won a reputation for his oil paintings. Galileo's father, a merchant and musician, encouraged...[Read More] (Bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Galilei, Vincenzo b. 1520 d. July 1, 1591 Composer, Theorist. One of the most influential musicians of his era. Although he was a seminal pioneer of Baroque music, his works are rarely heard today and he is chiefly remembered as the father of the astronomer Galileo. Galilei was born in Santa Maria a Monte, Italy. An accomplished lute player, he studied in Venice with composer Gioseffo Zarlino and delved into the music of the Turks and Moors. Following a period in Pisa (where Galileo was born) he settled in Florence in 1571. His...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Ghiberti, Lorenzo b. 1378 d. December 1, 1455 Sculptor. His fame rests on the two sets of gilded bronze doors he created for the Baptistery of Florence, Italy. He worked on them for nearly 50 years. The second set, known as the "Gates of Paradise" (1425 to 1452), is among the great masterpieces of Renaissance art. Ghiberti was born in Florence, and trained as a goldsmith. He was virtually unknown when in 1403 he won a competition to create a new North Portal for the Florence Baptistery, defeating such distinguished competitors as...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Ghiberti, Vittorio b. 1418 d. 1496 Sculptor, Entrepreneur. The son of pioneer Renaissance artist Lorenzo Ghiberti. Born in Florence, Italy, he studied sculpting and goldsmithing with his father and by 1437 was working as his assistant on the great "Gates of Paradise" for the Florence Baptistery. He was closely involved in the casting and gilding of that masterpiece and Lorenzo made him a partner in the Ghiberti workshop. His bust portrait appears next to his father's on the Gates, on the right-hand central framing strip...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Entombed with his father, Lorenzo Ghiberti
Giotto (di Bondone) (Ambrogio) b. 1266 d. January 8, 1337 Artist, Architect. Acknowledged as the most important painter of the 1300s. Giotto's art represented the first stirrings of the Italian Renaissance. He broke with the flat, unrealistic Byzantine style of his day and painted from direct observation of nature. Although he rarely used genuine perspective, he achieved a sense of depth through skillful use of light and shadow and a remarkable gift for composition. Above all he emphasized the human drama in his religious scenes, which still...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Cathedral of Florence*, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy *This location is unconfirmed or in dispute.
Harmon, Sgt. Roy W. b. 1915 d. July 12, 1944 World War II Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. One of six Native Americans to receive the award. Roy W. Harmon enlisted in the army from California and was sent to Europe with Company C, 362nd Infantry Regiment, 91st Division. He was killed in Italy while attacking German firing positions that were pinning down Allied troops. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in 1945 in recognition of his actions. The citation reads: "He was an acting squad leader when heavy machine gun fire...[Read More] (Bio by: Anne Cady) Florence American Cemetery and Memorial, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: Plot A Row 4 Grave 37
Isaac, Heinrich b. 1450 d. March 26, 1517 Composer. One of the most gifted of high Renaissance-era musicians, regarded by his contemporaries as second only to Josquin Des Prez. Known facts of Isaac's early life are scant. He claimed he was born in Flanders but the earliest records (1484) show him traveling to Florence to begin his lifelong association with the Medici family. Until 1493 he was organist and singer at the Florence Cathedral and he may have been tutor to Lorenzo the Magnificent's children. In 1497 Isaac was given the non-...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Basilica della Santissima Annunziata, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Landini, Francesco b. 1325 d. September 2, 1397 Composer, Organist. Italy's most popular musician of the Ars Nova ("New Art") period. The son of a painter, he was blinded by smallpox as a child but learned to play the organ by ear. He was said to have been particularly skilled at the organetto, a hand-pumped miniature organ, and his two known portraits depict him with this instrument. Apart from visits to Venice and Northern Italy Landini spent most of his life in his native Florence, serving as choirmaster at the Church of San Lorenzo...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Basilica di San Lorenzo, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: South Aisle
Landor, Walter Savage b. January 30, 1775 d. September 17, 1864 Author. Walter Savage Landor was born in Warwick, the son of a wealthy doctor. He was educated at Rugby School, from which he was expelled, possibly for writing an indecent poem, and at Trinity College, Oxford, from which he was, again, expelled, this time for firing a gun into the room of a Tory undergraduate. After a quarrel with his father, he moved to Wales, with "one servant and a chest of books." His first volume of poems appeared the following year (1775). His father died in 1805, and...[Read More] (Bio by: Iain MacFarlaine) Cimitero Accatolico, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy Plot: A9E/ A29/ 879/
Leoncavallo, Ruggero b. March 8, 1857 d. August 9, 1919 Composer. His fame rests on one work, the short verismo opera "Pagliacci" (1892). The plot about a jealous clown who murders his wife and her lover during the performance of a play was based on an actual incident Leoncavallo remembered from his youth. (His father was the judge at the criminal trial). It was written under the influence of Mascagni's "Cavalleria Rusticana", and the two operas are almost always performed together on the same bill. Opera enthusiasts refer to this combo as "Cav/...[Read More] (Bio by: Bobb Edwards) Cimitero Monumentale Delle Porte Sante, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Machiavelli, Niccolo b. May 3, 1469 d. June 22, 1527 Political Philosopher. Author. Born in Florence, Italy, the second son of Bernardo di Niccolò Machiavelli, a lawyer, and Bartolommea di Stefano Nelli. In 1494, the same year the Medici were toppled from power, Machiavelli entered the Florentine Republican government as a secretary. His position quickly rose, however, and was soon engaging in diplomatic missions. In 1500 he was sent to France to obtain terms from Louis XII for continuing the war against Pisa. On the death of Pope Pius III, in...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Città Metropolitana di Firenze, Toscana, Italy