Ahhotep I Egyptian Queen and Regent. She was born about 1560 BC during the 17th dynasty. At this time, known to as the second intermediate period, Egypt was occupied by the Hyksos kings. When Pharaoh Sequenenre Tao II was killed attempting to expel the Hyksos, Ahhotep became regent on behalf of his successor, Kamose, and continued the campaign. A stele erected at the temple of Amun-Re at Karnak tells how she rallied the Egyptian army. When Kamose died, she ruled while the new Pharaoh, Ahmose I, was away...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt Plot: Origional tomb unknown.
Akhenaten Egyptian Pharaoh. He was born Amenhotep, and was probably the younger son of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. There are indications that as a child the young Amenhotep was a family outcast. In 1352 BC Akhenaten, a teenager at the time, ascended the throne and was crowned at Karnak, succeeding his father under the name Amenhotep IV, the tenth King of the 18th Dynasty. The beginning of his reign marked no great change from his predecessors. By the fifth or sixth year of his reign, however...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt
al-Sadat, Anwar b. December 25, 1918 d. October 6, 1981 3rd Egyptian President. He served as President of Egypt from 1970 until his assassination in 1981. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 with Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin, he was killed by disgruntled Egyptian Army soldiers for signing a peace treaty with Israel. Born Muhammad Anwar al Sadat, in Mit Abu al-Kum, Egypt, to a poor family of 13 brothers and sisters, his father was an Egyptian farmer and his...[Read More] (Bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson) Cause of death: Assassination by gunshot Monument to the Unknown Soldier, Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt
Amenemope Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh. His name means "Amun in the Opet Feast", After serving as co-regent with his father, the Pharaoh Psusennes I, he became sole ruler in 993 BC. He ordered the decoration of the chapel of Isis "Mistress of the Pyramids at Giza" and built an extension to a temple at Memphis. He died in 992 BC and was buried with his father at Tanis. His tomb was discovered by Pierre Montet in 1940, and is famous for the gold burial mask and other treasures it contained. His remains were...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Royal Tomb Complex, Tanis, Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt Plot: Tomb 3, room 2.
Amenhotep I [original burial site] Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh. Born the third son of Ahmose I and Ahmose Nefretiri. He became the second ruler of the 18th Dynasty after his elder brothers predeceased him. On reaching the throne, Amenhotep I led a campaign against the Libyans who had launched an invasion against the Egyptian delta. He led an army to the western border and defeated the Libyans and their allies. He then suppressed a rebellion by Nubia in about year eight of his reign. He initiated building projects such as the temple...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt
Amenhotep II Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh. He ruled during Egypt's Eighteenth Dynasty, one of that country's mot prosperous periods and his monuments indicate that as a young man he excelled in athletic as well as military pursuits. He began as co-regent with Thutmose III, becoming sole ruler on that Pharaoh's death in 1453 BC. As news of Thutmose's death spread the Asiatic cities took the opportunity to rebel against Egypt, but by the second year of his reign he had subdued the uprising and captured seven...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt Plot: KV35
Amenhotep III Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh. Born to Pharaoh Tuthmosis IV and his principal wife, Mutemwiya, it is probable that Amenhotep succeeded to the throne as a child, sometime between the ages of six and twelve years. He was the fifth ruler of the 18th dynasty, ruling between c. 1390 BC and 1353 BC. Amenhotep married in year two of his reign. Queen Tiy seems to have played an important part in his public and private life. She appeared on monuments more often and more prominently than any queen before her...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt
Amenmeses Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh. A mystery man, his origins unclear, Amenmeses is generally considered to be the fifth ruler of the 19th Dynasty. Although he succeeded Merneptah as pharaoh c. 1203 BC, scholars now question whether he has related to his predecessor, or simply an opportunistic usurper. The subsequent accession of Seti II may actually have been Seti-Merneptah who was intended to succeed Merneptah. Amenmesses also usurped a number of monuments dedicated to his predecessors. Inscriptions...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt
Amunherkhepsef Ancient Egyptian Royalty. Born a younger son of Ramses III and his Great Royal Wife, Tyti. He was recorded as being The Fan Bearer to the Right of the Pharaoh, Overseer of Horses, and a royal scribe. He was also the Superior of the Two Lands, which indicated that he had a role in the management of the administrative affairs of the kingdom. The prince died young, probably while still in his teens; all of his tomb art depicts him as wearing the side lock of a royal youth. His tomb, now designated...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Queens, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt Plot: QV55
Ay Pharaoh. Ay was probably the son of Master of the Horse, Yuya, who was also father of Tiye, Amenhotep III's queen. He first appeared in the record as a Master of the Horse in the court of Akhenaten. He also held the position "the favored one of the Good God, fan-bearer on the king's right hand, true king's scribe and god's father, trusted throughout the entire land, commander of chariotry". During the reign of Akhenaten, he rose to the position of vizier and royal chancellor. After Akhenaten's...[Read More] (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt Plot: WV 23
Bent'anta Egyptian Queen. Born the daughter of Ramses II and one of the pharaoh’s consorts, probably Istnofret. Interestingly, the queen's name, rather than a more traditional Egyptian name, appears to be Syrian, and means Daughter of Anath. She was the first of four daughters Ramses II married in ancient pharaonic custom and bore him at least one child. Her name has been variously recorded as Bintanath, Bint-Anath, and Bintanat. (Bio by: Iola) Valley of the Queens, Luxor, Luxor, Egypt Plot: QV71
Campbell, John Charles b. January 10, 1894 d. February 26, 1942 World War II Victoria Cross Recipient. Born in Thurso, Scotland, he was nicknamed Jock and served as a Brigadier General in command of the 7th Armored Division Support Group, British Army. On the dates of November 21-22, 1941, Brigadier Campbell was commanding the troops, including one regiment of tanks, in the area of Sidi Rezegh, Egypt. His small force was holding this important ground when it was repeatedly attacked by large numbers of enemy German tanks and infantry. Wherever the situation...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Cairo War Cemetery, Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt Plot: K. 171.
Chahine, Youssef b. January 25, 1926 d. July 27, 2008 Film Director. Born in Alexandria, Egypt, to Lebanese Christian parents, he studied acting in California in the 1940s and then went on to become one of Egypt's most distinguished film directors. Although his films were critical of United States foreign policy in the Middle East, he also tackled social ills, Muslim fundamentalism and Egypt's authoritarian regime. His 44 films and documentaries attempted to defend and bring back the spirit of multicultural tolerance that he had experienced in his...[Read More] (Bio by: Fred Beisser) Chahine Family Crypt, Alexandria, Al Iskandariyah, Egypt
Den Egyptian Pharaoh. His name means "Horus who Strikes", and he ruled Ancient Egypt for about 32 years during the 1st Dynasty. He was the first pharaoh to be shown wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt, and who used the title "King of the Two Lands". He fought wars against the Bedouin tribes of Sinai and is also represented carrying out the "first smiting of the East". His tomb at Abydos features the earliest use of red granite in a monumental building. (Bio by: js) Umm el-Qa'ab Royal Burial Ground, Abydos, Suhaj, Egypt Plot: Tomb of Den.
Djedefre Egyptian Pharaoh. He ruled for eleven years between 2528 BC and 2520 BC. He reigned during Egypt's Fourth Dynasty and was the first Pharaoh to adopt the title "Son of Ra", reflection of the increasing popularity of that deity. Recently it has been suggested that he may have ordered the construction of the great Sphinx at Giza, although his own pyramid was built at Abu Rawash, eight kilometres north of the Giza plateau. His pyramid was built on a natural rock outcrop which forms 45% of its core...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Abu Rawash Pyramid Complex, Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt Plot: Pyramid of Djedefre
Djer Pharaoh of Egypt. He was the third ruler of a united Ancient Egypt. His name means "Horus who succours", and he ruled for about 57 years during the 1st Dynasty, from approximately 3100 BC. The historian Manetho described him as a scholar who wrote a book of anatomy that was still in use in Greek times, 2000 years later. He fought military campaigns in Nubia, Libya and Sinai, making him the first Pharaoh to fight a war outside of Egypt's borders. On his death he was buried in a large tomb at...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Umm el-Qa'ab Royal Burial Ground, Abydos, Suhaj, Egypt
Djoser Egyptian Pharaoh. He ruled Egypt from approximately 2635 BC until his death in 2610 BC and was the second Pharaoh of Egypt's Third Dynasty. He sent his army on an expedition to subdue the Sinai Peninsular and also ordered expeditions there to mine for turquoise and copper. There is a legend, inscribed on the "Famine Stela", that he rebuilt the temple of Khnum on the Island of Elephentine and in doing so brought a seven year famine to an end. He is best remembered for commissioning the famous...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Saqqara, Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt Plot: The Step Pyramid of Djoser
Fuad, Fawzia b. November 5, 1921 d. July 2, 2013 Queen of Iran and first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi known as last king of the Pahlavi Dynasty. She was the oldest member of the former ruling dynasty of Egypt, which ended with Fuad II of Egypt, her nephew. She was born at the Raʾs al-Tin royal palace in Alexandria, daughter of the sultan of Egypt later King Fuad I of Egypt and his second wife Nazli Sabri. Descendant of the noble dynasty of Mehmet Ali, Fawzia grew up together with her sisters Faiza, Faika, Fathiya and her brother, the...[Read More] (Bio by: Ruggero) Al-Refai Mosque, Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt