Al-Bakr, Ahmad Hasan b. July 1, 1914 d. October 14, 1982 President of Iraq. Al-Bakr served as President of Iraq from July 17, 1968 to July 16, 1979. He entered the Iraqi Military Academy in 1938 after his early career as a school teacher. Al-Bakr was a member of the Ba'th Party and was forced to retire from the Iraqi army in 1959 for revolutionary participation. He became prime minister in 1963 for 10 months after the Ba'th coup of 1963 and after another Ba'th coup in 1968, became president of Iraq. Al-Bakr ruled in concert with fellow Ba'th...[Read More] (Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye) Al Karkh Cemetery, Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Al-Bandar, Awad Hamed b. January 2, 1945 d. January 15, 2007 Iraqi Official. He was an Iraqi chief judge under Saddam Hussein's presidency. He was the head of the Revolutionary Court which issued death sentences against 143 Dujail residents, in the aftermath of the failed assassination attempt against Hussein on July 8, 1982. At the Al-Dujail trial the Iraqi Special Tribunal tried Awad for crimes against humanity for issuing the death sentences. On November 5, 2006, Awad was sentenced to death by hanging along with co-defendants Saddam Hussein and Barzan...[Read More] Cause of death: Execution by hanging Al-Awja Religious Compound, Al-Awja, Salah ad Din, Iraq Plot: Outside courtyard
Al-Majid, Ali Hassan b. November 30, 1940 d. January 25, 2010 Iraqi General. The cousin of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, and one of the most brutal members of his inner circle. Nicknamed "Chemical Ali", he led sweeping military campaigns in the 1980s and 1990s against Kurdish rebels and Shia religious dissidents, and carried out atrocities against Iraq's civilian population. He was responsible for the 1988 gas attack that killed over 5000 Kurds. Captured by Allied troops in 2003, he was tried for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, and...[Read More] (Bio by: Ron Moody) Al-Awja Religious Compound, Al-Awja, Salah ad Din, Iraq
Basra Memorial [memorial] Monument. The Basra Memorial is dedicated to the memory of the more than 40,500 members of the Commonwealth forces who died and whose graves are not known in World War I operations in Mesopotamia from the Autumn 1914, to the end of August 1921. The Basra Memorial used to be on the main quay of the naval dockyard at Maqil. In 1997, it was relocated at a place along the road to Nasiriyah, what was a major battle ground during the first Gulf War. The move was carried out by the authorities in...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Basra Memorial, Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq
Bell, Gertrude b. July 14, 1868 d. July 12, 1926 Archaeologist, Diplomat. One of the founders of modern Iraq. Born Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell at Washington Hall, Durham, into one of Victorian England's wealthiest families, Bell used the industrial fortune she inherited to obtain a first class education at Oxford, and to embark on one of the most influential careers of her generation. A distinguished scholar, archaeologist, author, linguist, and world traveler, she ultimately became a political power broker in the Middle East in the wake...[Read More] (Bio by: Nikita Barlow) British Cemetery, Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Cookson, Edgar Christopher [memorial] b. December 13, 1883 d. September 28, 1915 World War I Victoria Cross Recipient. Born in Cheshire, England, he served as a Lieutenant Commander in the Royal Navy. On September 28, 1915, Lieutenant Commander Cookson was in command of the river gunboat HMS Comet at Kut-el-Amara, Mesopotamia, when ordered with other gunboats to destroy an obstruction placed across the river by the Turks. When the gunboats approached the obstruction, very heavy rifle and machine gun fire was opened on them from both banks. When an attempt to sink the centre...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Amara War Cemetery, Al `Amarah, Maysan, Iraq Plot: Gravesite lost: name is listed on Memorial Panel IV.A.15
Cowley, Charles Henry b. February 21, 1872 d. April 26, 1916 World War I Victoria Cross recipient. Born in Baghdad, Mesopotamia, Iraq and served as a Lieutenant Commander, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. On the night of April 25, 1916 in Mesopotamia, he was in command of an attempt to re-supply the forces besieged by the Turkish at Kut-el-Amara. He with the crew of the SS Julnar started off with 270 tons of stores up the River Tigris when the ship was attacked by machinegun and artillery fire. They managed to continue but at Magasis, steel hawsers...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Basra Memorial, Al Basrah, Basra, Iraq Plot: Panel 1
Enheduanna Mesopotamian Princess, High Priestess, Author, Musician. Active over 4300 years ago, she is believed to be the earliest known poet and composer in recorded history. Her masterpiece, "Ninmesarra" ("The Exaltation of Inanna"), contains the earliest narrative written in the first person. Since the late 20th Century her surviving works have gained considerable literary and even mainstream attention. Enheduanna, whose name means "Lady Ornament of the Sky", lived from approximately 2315 to 2250 BC...[Read More] (Bio by: Robert Edwards) Giparu of Ur (Ruins), Nasiriyah, Dhi Qar, Iraq
Faisal I b. May 20, 1883 d. September 8, 1933 King of Iraq. The third son of Husein ibn Ali, sherif of Mecca, he is also called Faisal ibn Husein or Faisal al Husein. Faisal was educated in Constantinople and later sat in the Ottoman parliament as deputy for Jidda. In World War I, he served with the Turkish army in Syria until 1916, when, escaping to Arabia, he joined T.E. Lawrence, who became later known as Lawrence of Arabia, in revolt. Faisal was disappointed in his hope to rule as king over all Arab territory in the Ottoman...[Read More] (Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye) Royal Mausoleum (Adhamiyah), Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Faisal II b. May 2, 1935 d. July 14, 1958 King of Iraq. He ascended to the throne at the age of three years upon the tragic death of his father, King Ghazi. Faisal's uncle Abd al-llah served as regent until Faisal came of age in 1953. As a child, he suffered from asthma. In April of 1941, Abd al-llah was briefly deposed by a military coup which aimed to align Iraq with the Axis powers, but he was quickly restored. As a teenager, Faisal attended Harrow School in England with his cousin King Hussein of Jordan. On May 2, 1953...[Read More] (Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye) Royal Mausoleum (Adhamiyah), Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Firman, Humphrey Osbaldston Brooke b. November 24, 1886 d. April 25, 1916 World War I Victoria Cross Recipient. He received the award posthumously (presented to his father) by British King George V on February 28, 1917 at Buckingham Palace in London England for his actions as a lieutenant on the British Royal Navy steamer HMS Julnar on April 24, 1916 during an attempt to resupply British forces who were trapped during the Ottoman Empire's Siege of Kut (Kut-al-Amara), Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) during World War I. Born into a prestigious family, he joined the...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Basra Memorial, Al Basrah, Basra, Iraq Plot: No known grave; name is on the Basra Memorial, Panel 1 and 60.
Fynn, James Henry 'Little Finn' b. November 24, 1893 d. March 30, 1917 World War I Victoria Cross Recipient. His citation reads "On 9 April 1916 at Sanna-i-Yat, Mesopotamia, Private Fynn was one of a small party which dug in, in front of our advanced line and about 300 yards from the enemy's trenches. He went out and bandaged a number of wounded men under heavy fire, making several journeys in order to do so. Being unable to get a stretcher, he carried on his back a badly wounded man to safety". (Bio by: derrick unwin) Basra Memorial, Al Basrah, Basra, Iraq Plot: Panel 16 and 62.
Ghazi I b. March 21, 1912 d. April 4, 1939 King of Iraq. The only son of Faisal I, he was cared for by his grandfather Hussein bin Ali, the Grand Sharif of Mecca, while his father was busy in his campaigns and travels. In 1924 Ghazi was appointed crown prince. He assumed the crown as King Ghazi I on September 8, 1933, upon the death of his father. Ghazi was a staunch pan-Arab nationalist and was opposed to British interests in his country. He supported the military when it ousted the civilian government. Ghazi was rumored to...[Read More] (Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye) Royal Mausoleum (Adhamiyah), Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Henderson, LTC. Edward Elers Delaval b. October 2, 1878 d. January 25, 1917 World War I Victoria Cross Recipient. Born in Shimla, British India, he served as a Lieutenant Colonel in command of the 9th Battalion, Royal Warswickshire Regiment, British Army. On January 25, 1917, at the River Hai, near Kut, Mesopotamia, Lieutenant Colonel Henderson brought his battalion up to the two first line trenches which were taking heavy casualties when the Germans made a strong counter attack. The situation was critical and Colonel Henderson although wounded, he then advanced alone...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Amara War Cemetery, Al `Amarah, Maysan, Iraq Plot: XXIV. B. 31.
Henderson, George Stuart b. December 5, 1893 d. July 24, 1920 Iraqi Revolt Victoria Cross Recipient. Born in East Gordon, Scottish Borders, he served as a Captain in the 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment, British Army. Near Hillah, Mesopotamia Iraq, July 24, 1920, when the company under Captain Henderson's comand was ordered to retire, they came under attack a large party of Arabs. Captain Henderson at once reorganized the company, led them to the attack and drove off the enemy. Next, this officer led his men to charge the Arabs with the bayonet and...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Basra Memorial, Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq Plot: No Known Grave; name is listed on Panel 31 and 64.
Hussein, Qusay b. May 17, 1966 d. July 22, 2003 Second son of Saddam Hussein, Dictator of Iraq. He was the heir apparent to his father's dictatorial position of President of Iraq, replacing his older brother Uday, when Uday proved to be erratic and less stable. Born Qusay Saddam al-Tikreti, in Baghdad, he was the second child and second son of three sons and three daughters to Saddam Hussein. His mother, Sajida Talfah, was Saddam's cousin and his first wife, and gave birth to the first five children of Saddam. Their father trained him and...[Read More] (Bio by: K) Al-Awja Religious Compound, Al-Awja, Salah ad Din, Iraq Plot: Outside courtyard
Hussein, Saddam b. April 28, 1937 d. December 30, 2006 President and dictator of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. Born Saddam Hussein al-Majid al-Tikriti in Al-Awja, Iraq, he was the son of a poor shepherd family of the Begat tribal group. His father, Hussein Abid al-Majid, disappeared six months before he was born, and his mother, Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, sent the infant son to be raised by her brother, Khairallah Talfah. When he was three years old, his mother remarried, and Saddam returned to his mother, gaining three half-brothers in the process...[Read More] (Bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson) Al-Awja Religious Compound, Al-Awja, Salah ad Din, Iraq Plot: Inside of building
Hussein, Uday b. June 18, 1964 d. July 22, 2003 Eldest son of Saddam Hussein, Dictator of Iraq. He was born in Baghdad, Iraq, as the first child of three sons and three daughters of Saddam Hussein. As the eldest son of Saddam, he was the heir apparent to his father's dictatorial position of President of Iraq, but was replaced by his younger brother Qusay, when he proved to be erratic and less stable. Born Uday Saddam al-Tikreti, in Baghdad, he was the first child and first son of three sons and three daughters to Saddam Hussein. His mother...[Read More] (Bio by: K) Al-Awja Religious Compound, Al-Awja, Salah ad Din, Iraq Plot: Outside courtyard
Hussein ibn Ali b. 1854 d. June 4, 1931 Emir of Mecca, King of Hejaz. Hussein was the emir of Mecca from 1908 to 1916 and king of Hejaz from 1916 to 1924. He was born into the line of Hashimites that served as Emir of Mecca starting in the early 19th century. Hussein became emir in 1908 and during the first World War, was a leader in the revolt against the Ottoman Empire. In October 1916 he proclaimed himself "king of the Arab countries", but the Allies only recognized him as King of Hejaz. After the war, his son Faisal...[Read More] (Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye) Royal Mausoleum (Adhamiyah), Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
ibn Abi Talib, Ali b. March 17, 600 d. January 28, 661 Religious Leader. He was born in the Kaaba sanctuary, the holiest place in Islam, and raised in the household of his cousin, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). When Muhammad received his divine revelation, Ali was among the first to acknowledge it. He married Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and was Muhammad's trusted lieutenant for the ten years that he led the Muslims in Medina, taking part in almost all the battles fought to defend the new faith. After Muhammad's death his mantle of...[Read More] (Bio by: Bill McKern) Imam Ali Mosque, Najaf, An Najaf, Iraq