, Patriarch. Athenagoras I b. April 6, 1886 d. July 7, 1972 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. A native of Greece, Aristocles Spyrou was the son of a doctor who was tonsured an Orthodox monk by the name Athenagoras for the Greek Orthodox Church upon finishing his studies in Turkey. Elected Metropolitan of Corfu while still a deacon in 1922, eight years later he was named Archbishop of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America. During his episcopate, he sought harmony between his numerous communities, opened the Holy Cross School of...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) St. Mary of the Spring Monastery, Istanbul, Turkey Plot: Monastery Cemetery.
, Saint. Theophano Eastern Orthodox Saint. She married the Byzantine Emperor Leo VI in approximately 883 AD, but the marriage was not a success and Leo later took a mistress. She became Empress when Leo succeeded to the throne in 886 AD, and, as an educated and deeply religious woman, devoted much of her time to prayer, psalms and hymns. She is believed to have built the monastery of St. Anastasia the Protector from Potions on Halki Island near Constantinople. In 893 AD she retired to a monastery at...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Alexander III Byzantine Emperor. He was born in 866 AD and was crowned co-emperor by his father, Basil I, in approximately 879 AD. When his elder brother, the intended heir Leo VI, died in 912 AD he came to power as senior Emperor, and took his nephew, Constantine VII, as his junior co-ruler. He announced the start of his reign by using the term "autocrator" on his coinage, becoming the first Emperor to take this title. Among his first actions as ruler was his dismissal of most of Leo's advisors and...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Anastasios II Byzantine Emperor. He began his career as a bureaucrat and Imperial Secretary at the court of his predecessors before being declared Emperor by the Opsikian army following their overthrow the Emperor Philippicus. Soon after coming to the throne, however, he executed Philippicus' assassins. He upheld the decisions of the Sixth Ecumenical Council and deposed the Patriach John VI of Constantinople, who he replaced with the Orthodox Patriach Germanus in 715 AD. By doing so he ended Byzantium's...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Anastasius I Byzantine Emperor. He had one black and one blue eye, earning him the nickname "Dicorus". He was born in approximately 430 AD, and was serving as a palace official when he was chosen as Emperor on the death of Zeno in 491 AD. He owed his elevation to Zeno's widow, who he married soon after coming to power. He soon earned popular support by reducing taxation, but faced a rebellion by supporters of Zeno's brother, Longinus of Cardala. He also had to withstand attack by the Persians, Slavs and...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal b. May 19, 1881 d. November 10, 1938 Founder and First President of Republic of Turkey. He was born in the Ottoman city of Salonika which is the modern day city of Thessaloniki in Greece. His mother enrolled him in a religious school but he rebelled, had a fight with teacher and left home to enroll in a military school. He went on to graduate from the War College in Istanbul and the War Academy. During the Gallipoli campaign in 1915 he became a military hero and in 1919 the leader of the Turkey national liberation struggle. He...[Read More] (Bio by: Tom Todd) Anitkabir Mausoleum, Ankara, Ankara, Turkey
Atsız, Hüseyin Nihal b. January 12, 1905 d. December 11, 1975 Writer. He graduated from Dar-ül Fünun (now Istanbul University) in 1931. He worked as a teacher at various schools in Turkey until 1944, when he was charged with agitation because of criticisms of various political figures. After a few court cases and one and one-half years in jail, he was freed in 1947. From 1949 to 1969, he worked as a historical expert at Süleymaniye Library in Istanbul. In 1967 and again in 1971, he was investigated for a series of articles criticizing government policies...[Read More] (Bio by: donnysmith) Karacaahmet Mezarlığı, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Basil I Byzantine Emperor. He was born in approximately 811 AD and spent part of his childhood as a captive of the Khan Krum of Bulgaria, finally escaping in 836 AD. He later found favour with Danielis, a wealthy woman who took him into her household and endowed him with a fortune. He came to the attention of the Emperor Michael III when he won a wrestling match with a Bulgarian champion and soon became the Emperor's companion and bodyguard. He quickly rose to the position of Caesar and was crowned co-...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Basil II b. 958 d. December 15, 1025 Byzantine Emperor. He was born in 958 AD, and was the son of the Emperor Romanos II. When he was only five years old his father died, so first Nikephoros II, and then the usurper John I, took the throne before he finally came to power in 976 AD. The powerful landowners of Asia Minor were rebelling at the time of his accession; Basil suppressed the rebellion with the help of Vladimir I of Kiev, who sent six thousand soldiers to assist him in return for marriage to Basil's sister, Anna. He then...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Hebdomon (Bakırköy) Palace Complex, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey Plot: Church of St. John the Theologian
Bayar, Mahmut Celal b. May 16, 1883 d. August 22, 1986 Turkish Politician. Born at Umurbey, a village of Gemlik, Bursa, the Ottoman Empire, in 1919, he as elected to the Ottoman Parliament in Istanbul as deputy of Saruhan (today Manisa). Because he did not agree with the new form of constitution determined by the sultan, he went in 1920 to Ankara, Turkey to join Mustafa Kemal by the Turkish Independence Movement. He became deputy of Bursa in the newly established Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The same year, he served as deputy Minister of...[Read More] (Bio by: Firdevs) Celal Bayar Mausoleum, Bursa, Bursa, Turkey Plot: Umurbey, Gemlik
Beck, Capt. Frank Reginald b. May 3, 1861 d. August 12, 1915 British Royalty and Military Figure. Born in Oxwick, Norfolk, he was the Land Agent to the British Royal Family at Sandringham. In 1901, he was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order and Knighted the Order of St. Olav in November 1906. With the outbreak of World War I, Beck was instrumental in the formation of the Sandringham volunteers and serving as Captain of Company E, in the 5th Battalion, Norflok Regiment, British Army. Despite his age of 54 and the fact King George V told him...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Helles Memorial, Gallipoli, Canakkale, Turkey Plot: No Known Grave; name is listed on Panel 42 to 44 of the Memorial.
Bey, Hacı Arif b. 1831 d. 1885 Turkish Composer. Most known for his compositions in the Sarki form, the most common secular form in Turkish classical music. He was married 3 times, was elected the head singer in the palace. Due to his closeness to the Sultan, he was responsible for teaching music to the women in the harem. (Bio by: Güner N. Akgün) Yahya Efendi Dergahi Mezarligi, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Bromley, Capt. Cuthbert b. September 19, 1878 d. August 13, 1915 World War I Victoria Cross Recipient. Born in Seaford, Sussex, he served as a Captain the 1st Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, British Army. On April 25, 1915, during a landing on West Beach, Cape Helles, Gallipoli, Turkey, the 1st Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, were met by deadly fire from hidden machine guns which caused a great number of casualties. Captain Bromley with other men of his Battalion, rushed up to and cut the wire entanglements which held up the advance under fire from the...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Helles Memorial, Gallipoli, Canakkale, Turkey Plot: No Known Grave; name is listed on Panel 58 to 72 or 218 to 219.
Burton, Corp. Alexander Stewart b. January 20, 1893 d. August 9, 1915 World War I Victoria Cross Recipient. Born in Victoria, Australia, he served as a Corporal in the 7th Battalion, Australian Forces. In actions at Lone Pine Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey, August 9, 1915, Corporal Burton with an officer and another Corporal, captured a trench which was being counter attacked by the enemy. As the enemy advanced up and blew up a sandbag barricade, Corporal Burton with his men repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade. Twice more the enemy blew in the barricade...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Lone Pine Cemetery, Anzac, Gallipoli, Canakkale, Turkey Plot: Memorial 28 (No Known Grave)
Canakkale Memorial and National Park Opened on August 21, 1960, the monument is located at Hisarlık Hill in Morto Bay the southern end of the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. The memorial is dedicated to the service of 253,000 Turkish soldiers who participated at the Battle of Gallipoli, April 1915 to December 1915, during World War I. After the proclamation of the Republic in 1973, the grounds were declared a National Park, which include a museum, plus the area cemeteries with the remains of thousands of heroes whom were martyred in...[Read More] (Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith) Canakkale Memorial and National Park, Gallipoli, Canakkale, Turkey
Constans II b. 630 d. 668 Byzantine Emperor. He was baptized with the name Heraklios and took Constantine as his official name, but is known to history by his diminutive nickname, Constans. In 641 AD he was made co-emperor with Heraklonas, who had been accused of murdering Constans' father, the Emperor Constantine III. He became sole ruler soon afterwards when Heraklonas was deposed. He initially benefitted from his predecessor's unpopularity and also owed his position to the support he received from the army, although...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Constantine Roman Emperor. He was born into a military family in 271 AD, and as a young man he served in the army under the Emperors Diocletian and Galerius. On the death of the Emperor Constantius in 306 AD he was proclaimed Augustus by the army in Britain, and immediately took up residence in the city of Augusta Treverotum (modern Trier) where he remained for the next six years. In 312 AD he became the sole ruler of the Western Empire after defeating his rival Maxentius in the Battle of the Milvian...[Read More] (Bio by: js) Church of the Holy Apostles, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey