, Saint. Ambrose b. 340 d. April 4, 397 Archbishop of Milan, Roman Catholic Saint, Patron Saint of Milan. He is remembered as one of the most influential ecclesiastical leaders of the 4th century A.D. and was one of the four original Doctors of the Church. He is also credited with introducing hymnology from the Eastern Church into the West. Born Aurelius Ambrosius around 340 A.D. into a Roman Christian family at Trier, in present-day Germany, his father was the praetorian perfect of Gaul and his mother was an intellectual and pious...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Cause of death: Natural causes Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio, Milan, Città Metropolitana di Milano, Lombardia, Italy Plot: In Basilica's crypt, open to public on Ambrose's feast day
, Saint. Andrew [partial remains] Roman Catholic Saint. One of the original 12 disciples of Jesus Christ, he was the brother of Simon Peter, also one of the original disciples. He was probably born sometime in the early 1st century in the village of Bethsaida, located in the region of Judea on the Sea of Galilee, in present-day Israel. He was a fisherman by trade and was a follower of John the Baptist, according to the Gospel of John, but when Jesus passed through his village during his 3-year ministry, he personally called him...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Cattedrale di Sant'Andrea, Amalfi, Provincia di Salerno, Campania, Italy
, Saint. Augustine b. November 13, 354 d. August 28, 430 Roman Catholic Saint and Bishop of Hippo Regius. He is best remembered as the person who laid the foundation for the development of Western Christianity and philosophy. He was one of the four original Doctors of the Western Church and authored many books, most notably "Confessions of Saint Augustine," City of God," and "On Christian Doctrine." Born Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis or Augustine of Hippo, his father, Patricius, was a pagan and Roman citizen who tended to be violent and loose-...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Basilica di San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro, Pavia, Provincia di Pavia, Lombardia, Italy Plot: The altar
, Saint. Benedict b. 480 d. March 21, 547 Roman Catholic Saint and Founder of the Benedictine Monastic Order. The only ancient account if his life is contained in the 2nd volume of Pope Gregory I's four-book "Dialogues," believed to have been written in 593 A.D. He was the son of a Roman noble of Nursia (now known as Norcia), located in the southern region of Umbria of the Perugia province in present-day Italy. According to tradition, he became disillusioned with his life and the immorality of society in Rome, abandoned his studies...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Abbey of Montecassino, Cassino, Provincia di Frosinone, Lazio, Italy Plot: Beneath the altar
XI., Pope. Benedict b. 1240 d. July 7, 1304 Pope. Born Niccolo Boccasini, of a poor but pious family. At the early age of fourteen he entered the Dominican order. He loved his order deeply and always acknowledged how much he owed to it. A bright youngster, he was destined for higher studies and the professorial chair. He became prior, provincial of Lombardy, and finally in 1296, master general of the order. As pope he was able to conciliate many of the enemies Pope Boniface had made. When he died, many suspected that the Benedict XI had...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Church of Saint Domenico, Perugia, Provincia di Perugia, Umbria, Italy
IX., Pope. Benedict b. 1012 d. 1055 Catholic Pope. Son of count of Tusculum Alberich III, nephew of Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX. Rumored to have been 12 years old at the time he became pope, (His precise date of birth is uncertain) he was probably in his late 20's when his family's position and money put him on the papal throne in 1032. Notoriously corrupt, in 1044 he was driven from the throne as unfit to rule by a Roman faction. He returned in 1045, removing antipope, John of Sabina. Soon after, he abdicated in favor...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Abbey of Santa Maria di Grottaferrata, Grottaferrata, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
, Saint. Bertharius Saint. He gave up his royal life in France to become a monk and later the Abbot of Montecassino in Italy. He was killed along with some of his monks by the Saracens while at prayer. He died in 884 AD and his Feast Day is Oct 22nd.
Birth information and alternate death information: Birth: 810 at Pavia, Kingdom of Lombardy (Present day - Italy) Death: October 22, 883 at Monte Cassino, Papal States (Present day - Italy)
V., Pope. Celestine b. 1215 d. May 19, 1296 Pope. Born Pietro Murrone, in the early century of poor parents, at age of 20 he became a hermit, praying, working, and reading the Bible. He followed the Benedictine rule, and so many other hermits came to him for guidance, that he founded the Holy Spirit Community of Maiella (Benedictine Celestines). Celestine's election ended a two-year deadlock among the cardinals over a successor to Nicholas IV. he proved a most ineffectual pope and an easy prey to opportunists. King Charles II of Naples...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica of Saint Mary Di Collemaggio, L'Aquila, Provincia di L'Aquila, Abruzzo, Italy
III., Pope. Celestine b. 1106 d. January 8, 1198 Catholic Pope. Born Giacinto Bobone Orsini of noble Roman ancestry. He had been cardinal deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Italy, for 47 years when, on March 30, 1191, at the age of 85, he was elected as the first member of the Roman Orsini family to become pope. He acted vigorously to protect the sanctity of the marriage bond when Philip II of France tried to repudiate his Danish wife, Ingeborg. He fostered the Teutonic Knights and the Bridgebuilding Brothers. He canonized several saints...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy GPS coordinates: 41.8859100, 12.5061598 (hddd.dddd)
IV., Pope. Clement 'Gui Foucois' d. November 29, 1268 Pope from 1265 to 1268. A native of Saint-Gilles-du-Gard, Guy Foucois was the son of a prominent barrister and judge at the service of count Raymond V of Toulouse. Serving as both soldier and a lawyer, acting in the latter position as secretary to King Louis IX, he was married and fathered two girls, who later became nuns at the abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Nîmes. Upon the death of his wife, he assumed holy orders, just like his father did, and thanks to the influence of the named King Louis, soon...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Basilica di San Francesco alla Rocca, Viterbo, Provincia di Viterbo, Lazio, Italy Plot: Left Transept.
XII., Pope. Clement b. April 7, 1652 d. February 6, 1740 Pope. Born Lorenzo Corsini, of an aristocrat family, Clement XII was a lawyer and financial manager under preceding pontiffs. Elected at the age of 78, Clement XII was often bedridden with gout and he became blind in 1732. He had significant problems in international relationships, often finding himself ignored by the Catholic powers of Europe. Clement XII is known for building the new facade of St. John Lateran and beginning the Trevi Fountain and the purchase of Cardinal Albani's collection...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy GPS coordinates: 41.8859100, 12.5061598 (hddd.dddd)