IX., Pope. Benedict b. 1012 d. 1055 Catholic Pope. Son of count of Tusculum Alberich III, nephew of Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX. Rumored to have been 12 years old at the time he became pope, (His precise date of birth is uncertain) he was probably in his late 20's when his family's position and money put him on the papal throne in 1032. Notoriously corrupt, in 1044 he was driven from the throne as unfit to rule by a Roman faction. He returned in 1045, removing antipope, John of Sabina. Soon after, he abdicated in favor...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Abbey of Santa Maria di Grottaferrata, Grottaferrata, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy
, Saint. Benedict b. 480 d. March 21, 547 Roman Catholic Saint and Founder of the Benedictine Monastic Order. The only ancient account if his life is contained in the 2nd volume of Pope Gregory I's four-book "Dialogues," believed to have been written in 593 A.D. He was the son of a Roman noble of Nursia (now known as Norcia), located in the southern region of Umbria of the Perugia province in present-day Italy. According to tradition, he became disillusioned with his life and the immorality of society in Rome, abandoned his studies...[Read More] (Bio by: William Bjornstad) Abbey of Montecassino, Cassino, Provincia di Frosinone, Lazio, Italy Plot: Beneath the altar
, Saint. Bertharius Saint. He gave up his royal life in France to become a monk and later the Abbot of Montecassino in Italy. He was killed along with some of his monks by the Saracens while at prayer. He died in 884 AD and his Feast Day is Oct 22nd.
Birth information and alternate death information: Birth: 810 at Pavia, Kingdom of Lombardy (Present day - Italy) Death: October 22, 883 at Monte Cassino, Papal States (Present day - Italy)
I., Saint. Callistus Roman Catholic Pope and Saint. Early in his life Callistus was a slave, and after earning his freedom some years later founded a bank in Rome where the baths of Caracalla now stand. He was accused of a crime, but subsequently freed, and later was accused by his Jewish creditors and again jailed. He was sent to work in the salt mines in Sardinia in the year 186. He was freed through the intersession of Pope Victor and afterwards went to live in Anzio, Italy and was supported by the local church...[Read More] (Bio by: Saratoga) Cemetery of Calepodius on the Aurelian Way, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy
III., Pope. Celestine b. 1106 d. January 8, 1198 Catholic Pope. Born Giacinto Bobone Orsini of noble Roman ancestry. He had been cardinal deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Italy, for 47 years when, on March 30, 1191, at the age of 85, he was elected as the first member of the Roman Orsini family to become pope. He acted vigorously to protect the sanctity of the marriage bond when Philip II of France tried to repudiate his Danish wife, Ingeborg. He fostered the Teutonic Knights and the Bridgebuilding Brothers. He canonized several saints...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy GPS coordinates: 41.8859100, 12.5061598 (hddd.dddd)
XII., Pope. Clement b. April 7, 1652 d. February 6, 1740 Pope. Born Lorenzo Corsini, of an aristocrat family, Clement XII was a lawyer and financial manager under preceding pontiffs. Elected at the age of 78, Clement XII was often bedridden with gout and he became blind in 1732. He had significant problems in international relationships, often finding himself ignored by the Catholic powers of Europe. Clement XII is known for building the new facade of St. John Lateran and beginning the Trevi Fountain and the purchase of Cardinal Albani's collection...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy GPS coordinates: 41.8859100, 12.5061598 (hddd.dddd)
VIII., Pope. Clement b. March 24, 1536 d. January 30, 1605 Roman Catholic Pope. Born Ippolito Aldobrandini, he served as Pope from 1592 to 1605. He reversed the policy of his predecessors by allying the Holy See with France rather than with Spain, which had assumed a dictatorial attitude over the papacy. (Bio by: MC (Inactive)) Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy GPS coordinates: 41.8974991, 12.4986095 (hddd.dddd)
VII., Pope. Clement b. May 26, 1478 d. September 25, 1534 Roman Catholic Pope. Giulio de' Medici was born into the famous Medici family of Florence, Italy. His uncle was the famous Lorenzo the Magnificent. Shortly after his cousin, Giovanni de' Medici, was elected Pope Leo X in 1513, he was made a cardinal. When Leo X died in 1521, Cardinal de' Medici helped get Adrian IV elected pope. After Adrian's death two years later, de' Medici was chosen pope, taking the name Clement VII, on November 18, 1523, amid much celebration in Rome. As pope, Clement had...[Read More] (Bio by: Frank McGady) Santa Maria Sopra Minerva Church, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy
IV., Pope. Clement 'Gui Foucois' d. November 29, 1268 Pope from 1265 to 1268. A native of Saint-Gilles-du-Gard, Guy Foucois was the son of a prominent barrister and judge at the service of count Raymond V of Toulouse. Serving as both soldier and a lawyer, acting in the latter position as secretary to King Louis IX, he was married and fathered two girls, who later became nuns at the abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Nîmes. Upon the death of his wife, he assumed holy orders, just like his father did, and thanks to the influence of the named King Louis, soon...[Read More] (Bio by: Eman Bonnici) Basilica di San Francesco alla Rocca, Viterbo, Provincia di Viterbo, Lazio, Italy Plot: Left Transept.
, Saint. Cornelius Roman Catholic Pope and Saint. His predecessor Pope Fabian, was put to death by Emperor Decius on January 20, 250. Shortly afterwards Cornelius was elected and consecrated as the 21st Pope and ordained Bishop of the Church of Rome in early 251 A.D. Unfortunately for Cornelius, his election was not unanimously hailed. The spokesman for the committee, Novatian, objected to the choice and felt that he should have been picked instead. Some of the reason may be due to a desire for power, but there...[Read More] (Bio by: Saratoga) Catacombs of Saint Callixtus, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy Plot: Also known as Saint Collistus Church Cemetery
, Saint. Eusebius Roman Catholic Pope and Saint. Eusebius' reign as Pope was short lived as he became pope on April 18, 309 and ended his reign on August 17, 309. He had been banished by Emperor Maxentius for the same reason his predecessor Pope Marcellus I was exiled. The continued discord in Rome between the papacy and the "Lapsi's, (those who wished to come back to the church, but refused to do penance) and the Emperor's apparent debt to them which caused the banishment and subsequent death of Eusebius in...[Read More] (Bio by: Saratoga) Catacombs of Saint Callixtus, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy Plot: Also known as the Catacomb of Callixtus on the Appian Way
II., Pope. Honorius d. February 14, 1130 Catholic Pope. Born Lamberto Scannabecchi of humble family. He became archdeacon of Bologna and then under Urban II joined the papal court. Paschal II made him cardinal-bishop of Ostia and Calixtus II sent him as legate to the famous Diet of Worms. His pontificate achieved reform within the church and peace between the Holy See and world rulers. He supported Lothair II in the disputed imperial election, and Lothair, after becoming emperor, conceded the Church's demands in the matter of...[Read More] (Bio by: MC) Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy Plot: Originally buried in the Convent of San Gregorio al Celio. (Rome) GPS coordinates: 41.8859100, 12.5061598 (hddd.dddd)
III., Pope. Honorius b. 1148 d. March 18, 1227 Catholic Pope. Born Cencio Savelli, he was created cardinal in 1197 and was an able administrator of the papal treasury. On his accession to the papacy he preached a crusade against the Moors in 1218; blessed the Dominicans, the Franciscans, and the Carmelites; he also encouraged lay tertiaries in these orders. He is the author of 'Compilata quinta,' the first official book of canon law, and wrote biographies of popes Celestine III and Gregory VII. (Bio by: MC) Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy GPS coordinates: 41.8974991, 12.4986095 (hddd.dddd)
II., Pope. Innocent d. September 24, 1143 Served as Roman Pope from February 14, 1130 to September 24, 1143. Born into a powerful family, Gregorio Paparesci became a cardinal in 1116 and helped draw up the Concordat of Worms in 1122. Following the death of Pope Honorius II in 1130, he was elected pope on February 14, if only by a minority of cardinals. Most voted for Pietro Pierleoni, who took the name Anacletus II (later called an Anti-pope). Innocent fled to France where he was recognized as pope by St. Bernard of Clairvaux. In 1131...[Read More] (Bio by: Frank McGady) Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere, Rome, Provincia di Roma, Lazio, Italy