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Gen John Russell Deane, Jr
Birth: Jun. 8, 1919
San Francisco
San Francisco County
California, USA
Death: Jul. 18, 2013
Penobscot County
Maine, USA

US Army General. A highly decorated officer who participated in combat tours in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, he served as commander of the United States Army Materiel Command (currently at the Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama) from February 1975 until January 1977. Born John Russell Deane, Jr, he was the son of a career Army officer and grew up at different Army locations in the US and overseas. He decided to follow his father's footsteps in pursuit of an Army career and in 1937, he enlisted in the 16th Infantry, serving at Fort Jay on Governors Island in New York harbor. In 1938 he was chosen to attend the West Point Preparatory School at Fort Dix, New Jersey, and won the highest ranking admission of both the Presidential and Army appointments to the West Point Military Academy at West Point, New York. After graduating in 1942 with a commission as a second lieutenant, he joined the 104th Infantry Division as a platoon leader, serving in the European Theater during World War II, and by the end of war he had attained the rank of lieutenant colonel and became a battalion commander. From 1945 to 1947 he was an intelligence officer with Headquarters US Army Europe, after which he returned to the US and was assigned to Headquarters, Department of the Army in Washington DC, where he worked in Army War Plans. In 1951 he became Executive Assistant to the Secretary of the Army and a year later, he attended the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After graduating in 1953, he was assigned as Chief of Plans in the Military Armistice Commission in Korea and also commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 17th Infantry there until late 1954. In 1955 he returned to the US and attended the Armed Forces Staff College (now Joint Forces Staff College) in Norfolk, Virginia and upon graduation, he became Chief of Programs and Budget in the Office of the Chief, Research and Development at Headquarters, Department of the Army. From 1958 to 1959, he attended the National War College at Fort McNair, Washington DC. After graduation, he was assigned as Assistant to the Chief of Staff, Headquarters US Army Europe in Heidelberg, Germany, and from February 1961 to June 1962, he was Commander of the 2nd Battle Group in Berlin, Germany. In December 1962, he returned to the US where he was assigned as Assistant to the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, Washington, DC, where he served as Executive Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Deputy Director, Defense Research and Engineering). During this time he attended the Harvard School of Business Administration, participating in the advanced management program. In August 1965 he became the Assistant Division Commander, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and was sent to the Dominican Republic as part of the Organization of American States Forces, in response to the revolution there. In February 1966 he was sent to South Vietnam where he became the Assistant Division Commander, 1st Infantry Division, and later that year, the Commanding General of the 173rd Airborne Brigade. While there, he led the only mass parachute assault made during the Vietnam war. In September 1967 he returned to Headquarters, Department of the Army, where he was promoted to the rank of major general and served as the Director of Doctrine, Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, Force Development, and the Army Representative to the President's Scientific Advisory Board. While in this assignment, he developed a new concept on the formation of attack helicopters, armed with antitank rockets and armor piercing automatic cannons, as the maneuver elements of Army Divisions. The concept was instrumental in convincing Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara to reverse his previous decision on prohibiting the Army from developing and fielding an attack helicopter. In October 1968 he became the Commander of the 82nd Airborne Division until July 1970, when he was assigned to work for the Secretary of Defense as the Director of Defense Special Projects Group. In August 1972, he became the Deputy Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General. In 1973 he returned to Headquarters, Department of the Army, as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Research, Development and Acquisition, where he was responsible for planning and budgeting the Army's Research and Development Program. In February 1974 he was promoted to the rank of general and assigned as the Commander of the US Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command, retiring in that position on January 31, 1977 with 35 years of continued active military service. Among his military decorations and awards include the Distinguished Service Cross (with oak leaf cluster), the Army Distinguished Service Medal (with two oak leaf clusters), the Silver Star (with two oak leaf clusters), the Legion of Merit (with one oak leaf cluster), the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal (with numeral 25), the Purple Heart, the National Order of Vietnam, 5th Class, the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry (with Palm), and the Combat Infantryman Badge. After his retirement, he founded a consulting company which provided advice on the development of technology directed at the weapons requirement of the Armed Forces. In 1995 he retired from his consulting firm and moved to his home on the coast of Maine, where he died at the age of 94. (bio by: William Bjornstad) 
United States Military Academy Post Cemetery
West Point
Orange County
New York, USA
GPS (lat/lon): 41.39959, -73.96619
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: William Bjornstad
Record added: Aug 14, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 115429148
Gen John Russell Deane, Jr
Added by: William Bjornstad
Gen John Russell Deane, Jr
Added by: Julia
Gen John Russell Deane, Jr
Added by: Julia
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