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Charles I
Birth: Nov. 19, 1600
Fife, Scotland
Death: Jan. 30, 1649
St James
City of Westminster
Greater London, England

English Monarch. Born in Fife, he was the second son of King James VI of Scotland (James I of England) and Anne of Denmark. He became heir to the throne upon the death of his older brother Henry in 1612. He succeeded his father in 1625, and on May 1 of that year was married to Princess Henrietta Maria of France by proxy. They were married at Canterbury on June 13, 1625. Charles was crowned at Westminster Abbey on February 2, 1626 without his Roman Catholic queen at his side. Dispute and controversy followed Charles throughout his reign and, like his father, he mismanaged financial and political affairs. Religious disagreement was also becoming a big problem, and his marriage to a Roman Catholic only made matters worse. Continually at odds with Parliament, Charles dismissed his fourth Parliament in 1629, determined to rule without it's advice and the taxes it alone could legally collect. The ensuing period was called the "Eleven Years' Tyranny". He reconvened Parliament twice in 1640, but his reign was trouble. The Scottish riots of 1637 and the Irish Rebellion of 1641 (followed by an attempt by Parliament to impeach the queen) were the catalysts leading up to six years of civil war between Charles' royalist army and the Parliamentary forces led by Oliver Cromwell. The Battle of Preston in August of 1648 was a decided victory for Parliament, and the army decided that peace was impossible while Charles lived. The king was charged with high treason on January 20, 1649. He was sentenced to death on January 27, and beheaded on a scaffold outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall three days later. Charles' final words were "I go from a corruptible to an incorruptible crown, where no disturbance can be." On February 7, the office of King was formally abolished. (bio by: Kristen Conrad) 
Family links: 
   James I (1566 - 1625)
  Anne of Denmark (1574 - 1619)
  Henrietta-Maria de Bourbon (1609 - 1669)
   King Charles II (1630 - 1685)*
  Mary Henrietta Stuart von Nassau-Dillenberg (1631 - 1660)*
   James II (1633 - 1701)*
  Elizabeth Stuart (1635 - 1650)*
  Anne Stuart (1637 - 1640)*
  Henry Stuart (1640 - 1660)*
  Henriette Anne Stuart (1644 - 1670)*
  Henry Frederick Stuart (1594 - 1612)*
  Elizabeth Stuart (1596 - 1662)*
  Margaret Stuart (1598 - 1600)*
   Charles I (1600 - 1649)
  Robert Bruce Stuart (1602 - 1602)*
  Princess Mary (1605 - 1607)*
  Princess Sophia (1606 - 1606)*
*Calculated relationship

Cause of death: Beheaded
St George's Chapel
Windsor and Maidenhead Royal Borough
Berkshire, England
Plot: Quire
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 1443
Charles I
Added by: Kristen Conrad
Charles I
Added by: Connie Nisinger
Charles I
Added by: Scott Michaels
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