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Peter III
Birth: Feb. 21, 1728
Kieler Stadtkreis
Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Death: Jul. 17, 1762
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia

Tsar of Russia. According to the old Julian calendar Russia was still using at the time, he was born on February 10, 1728; the date on the modern Gregorian calendar was February 21. He was the son of Duke Karl Friedrich of Holstein-Gottorp and Peter the Great's daughter Anna, and was originally given the name Karl Peter Ulrich. He became the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp when his father died in 1739. Until age fourteen, he lived and received his schooling at the court of Holstein. In November of 1742 his aunt Empress Elizabeth appointed him the heir to the Russian throne and arranged for his travel from Germany. Elizabeth also arranged his marriage with Princess Sophie Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst. Princess Sophie converted to Russian Orthodoxy, took the name Yekaterina Alekseyevna, and completely Russified herself. Peter and his wife, the future Catherine the Great, did not have a happy marriage, and there were rumors that their marriage was never even consummated. Both took lovers on the side. On December 25, 1761 (December 18 on the Julian calendar), Empress Elizabeth died and Peter ascended the throne. His first action upon taking power was to grant amnesty and return from exile to everyone his aunt Elizabeth had had arrested. Another of his early actions as Tsar was to get Russia out of the Seven Years' War (also known as the Pomeranian War or the French and Indian War) and to negotiate a peace settlement with Prussia, a country he had great love and admiration for. He then formed an alliance between Russia and Prussia. Wanting to have the area of Schleswig in Germany restored to his nearby native Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp, he made plans to go to war with Denmark, which didn't prove to be a very popular move. Peter also earned disapproval because he tried to make the Russian Orthodox Church become more like Lutheranism. He was a reform-minded Tsar in addition to being interested in militarism, and dissolved the Privy Council, banned the persecution of dissenters, and issued a special decree releasing the gentry from compulsory state service, among other reforms. However, his reign as Tsar was to be short-lived. His wife and her lover Grigoriy Orlov carried out a coup, arrested him, and forced him to sign his own abdication. While in the custody of the imperial guards in the Ropshinskiy Castle, Peter was murdered on July 7, 1762 (July 17 on the Gregorian calendar). Some people still speculate that Catherine, who never punished the men responsible, gave orders for him to be murdered. Peter was originally buried in the Annunciation Church at the Aleksandr Nevskiy Monastery, but in December of 1796 his son, Tsar Paul I, gave orders for his remains to be exhumed and reburied with full royal honors at the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul Fortress. (bio by: Carrie-Anne) 
Family links: 
   Carl Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp (1700 - 1739)
  Anna Petrovna Romanov (1708 - 1728)
   Catherine II the Great (1729 - 1796)*
   Paul I (1754 - 1801)*
*Calculated relationship
St. Peter and Paul Fortress
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 1506
Peter III
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Peter III
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Peter III
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Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
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- Brandon Burns
 Added: Jun. 27, 2017

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 Added: Feb. 21, 2017

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 Added: Feb. 21, 2017
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