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Abigail Smith Adams
Birth: Nov. 22, 1744
Norfolk County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Oct. 28, 1818
Norfolk County
Massachusetts, USA

Presidential First lady. She was the wife of second United States President John Adams, and the mother of sixth United States President John Quincy Adams. Born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, on her mother's side she was descended from early prestigious leaders of the colony. Having received a basic education from her mother, Abigail and her sisters were largely self-taught by utilizing the extensive libraries of their father, grandfather and uncle. An avid reader, Abigail formed a strong bond with her third cousin, John Adams, who was a Harvard graduate, and they were married in 1764; three sons and two daughters were born to this union, which was to last more than fifty years. Johnís traveling as a circuit judge, a delegate to the Continental Congress and an envoy abroad led to long separations, and Abigailís many letters, written just a she spoke, with clarity, told the vivid story of a woman who stayed at home dealing with wartime shortages, running a farm with minimal help and educating her children. Even before the colonies had declared their independence from Britain, Abigail wrote to John to urge him to ďRemember the ladiesĒ when drafting the basis of law for the new nation and to not give husbands unlimited power over their wives. Abigail joined John in Paris in 1784 when he was named Ambassador, and she took great interest in the customs of the French Royal Court. When her husband became the first Vice President of the United States, she and the Presidentís wife, Martha Washington, became good friends. Abigail was of great assistance in the official entertaining because of the experience she had gained from the courts and society abroad. When John Adams was elected President, she managed to continue a formal pattern of entertaining in spite of the primitive conditions of the ďPresidentís HouseĒ (now known as the White House), which was still under construction. After John Adamsís presidential term ended in 1801, they retired to Quincy, Massachusetts and enjoyed seventeen years of companionship that they had longed for during the years of public life. Abigailís correspondence is feted for exhibiting strong leadership of Women's Rights. (bio by: D C McJonathan-Swarm) 
Family links: 
  William Smith (1706 - 1783)
  Elizabeth Quincy Smith (1721 - 1775)
  John Edmund Adams (1735 - 1826)*
  Abigail Amelia Adams Smith (1765 - 1813)*
  John Quincy Adams (1767 - 1848)*
  Charles Adams (1770 - 1800)*
  Thomas Boylston Adams (1772 - 1832)*
  Mary Smith Cranch (1741 - 1811)*
  Abigail Smith Adams (1744 - 1818)
  Elizabeth Smith Peabody (1750 - 1815)*
*Calculated relationship
United First Parish Church
Norfolk County
Massachusetts, USA
GPS (lat/lon): 42.25122, -71.00336
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 4
Abigail <i>Smith</i> Adams
Added by: Curtis Jackson
Abigail <i>Smith</i> Adams
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Abigail <i>Smith</i> Adams
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